Asthma makes breathing difficult for more than 300 million people worldwide according to the WHO. It affects people living in the developing as well as developed countries and affects all age groups. It is the most common chronic disease in children and even with all the advances in treatment, the prevalence has only risen in the past few years.

Asthma, technically known as bronchial asthma is a chronic disorder which affects the lungs, bronchi and bronchioles. The lungs supply the body with oxygen. The lungs are subdivided into lobes, the right lungs with three, the left with two. The air goes into the lungs via the trachea, which divides into smaller tubes called the bronchi.

In principle, we inhale and exhale, at the rate of sixteen times a minute without difficulty breathing. However, during an asthma attack there is swelling in the mucous membranes of the bronchial tubes and the bronchioles of the lung. This inflammation causes narrowing of the passage way for air, to a point, where the asthmatic person has difficulty breathing. The muscles around the airway tightens and causes wheezing, coughing, and tightness of the chest. This is caused by specific allergens breathed though the respiratory system. The most common allergens are dust, pollen, feathers, animal dander, food, drugs, and mold spores (the same allergens responsible for hay fever). Children born to allergic parents are prone to the disorder.

Another cause of bronchial asthma is associated with bacterial infection, especially of the throat, nose and sinuses. Emotional disturbances, stress, and the sudden change in climate may also cause asthma. The most common symptoms of asthma are wheezing, a sense of suffocation, coughing, and difficulty breathing.

Work-related asthma is caused by an allergy to something at work. Hair dye, flour, paint, detergent, latex, and chemicals are some substances that may cause occupational asthma.

Asthma is primarily a chronic disease (a respiratory allergy) that presents as recurrent attacks of breathlessness and wheezing. There is a vast variation in the frequency and severity of symptoms of asthma from person to person. This is where the individualized treatment with Homeopathy can give significant relief to patients of asthma and help them lead an easy life.