Alopecia Treatment

Alopecia areata is considered an autoimmune disease, in which the immune system, which is designed to protect the body from foreign invaders such as viruses and bacteria, mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, the tiny cup-shaped structures from which hairs grow. This can lead to hair loss on the scalp and elsewhere.

In most cases, hair falls out in small, round patches about the size of a quarter. In many cases, the disease does not extend beyond a few bare patches. In some people, hair loss is more extensive. Although uncommon, the disease can progress to cause total loss of hair on the head (referred to as alopecia areata totalis) or complete loss of hair on the head, face, and body (alopecia areata universalis).

Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune skin disease resulting in the loss of hair from the scalp and elsewhere on the body. The person's own immune system attacks the hair follicles, resulting in round, smooth bald patches on the scalp. A person with a family history of autoimmune diseases is prone to develop this condition.

The novel approach of suppressing the autoimmune response with local cortisone (steroid) may work temporarily and is limited to the patch only. Relapses are common and the course still remains unpredictable. It has no long-term advantages and does not alter the nature of the disease.

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