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Homeopathic Treatment for Low Blood Pressure

Low blood pressure is an abnormal condition where a person's blood pressure (the pressure of the blood against the walls of the blood vessels during and after each beat of the heart) is much lower than usual, which can cause symptoms such as dizziness or lightheadedness.

When the blood pressure is too low, there is inadequate blood flow to the heart, brain, and other vital organs.

A blood pressure level that is borderline low for one person may be normal for another. The most important factor is how the blood pressure changes from the normal condition. Most normal blood pressures fall in the range of 90/60 mm Hg to 130/80 mm Hg, but a significant change, even as little as 20 mm Hg, can cause problems for some people.

Low blood pressure symptoms or hypotension symptoms refers to symptoms which are caused due to or which are associated with low levels of blood pressure. If symptoms are mild hypotension usually requires no treatment. If low blood pressure symptoms are serious in nature, it can cause various neurological, endocrine, heart disorder and other life – threatening conditions.

Causes of low blood pressure due to low blood volume

  • Dehydration is common among patients with diarrhea who lose large amounts of water in their stool, particularly when drowsiness limits their drinking of fluids or is associated with nausea and vomiting. Dehydration also can occur with prolonged vomiting of any cause because of the loss of water in the vomitus. Other causes of dehydration include exercise, sweating, fever, and heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Individuals with mild dehydration may experience only thirst and dry mouth. Moderate to severe dehydration may cause orthostatic hypotension (manifest by light-headedness, dizziness or fainting upon standing). Protracted and severe dehydration can lead to shock, kidney failure, confusion, acidosis (too much acid in the blood), coma, and even death. For more, please read the Dehydration article.
  • Moderate or severe bleeding can quickly deplete an individual’s body of blood, leading to low blood pressure or orthostatic hypotension.
  • Severe inflammation of organs inside the body such as acute pancreatitis can cause low blood pressure. In acute pancreatitis, fluid leaves the blood to enter the inflamed tissues around the pancreas as well as the abdominal cavity, depleting the volume of blood.

Causes of low blood pressure due to heart disease

  • Weakened heart muscle can cause the heart to fail and reduce the amount of blood it pumps. One common cause of weakened heart muscle is the death of a large portion of the heart’s muscle due to a single, large heart attack or repeated smaller heart attacks. Other examples of conditions that can weaken the heart include medications that are toxic to the heart, infections of the muscle of the heart by viruses (myocarditis), and diseases of the heart’s valves such as aortic stenosis.
  • Pericarditis is an inflammation of the pericardium (the sac surrounding the heart). Pericarditis can cause fluid to accumulate within the pericardium and around the heart, restricting the ability of the heart to pump blood.
  • Pulmonary embolism is a condition in which a blood clot in a vein (a condition called deep vein thrombosis) breaks off and travels to the heart and eventually the lung. A large blood clot can block the flow of blood into the left ventricle from the lungs and severely diminish the ability of the heart to pump blood.
  • A slow heart rate (bradycardia) can decrease the amount of blood pumped by the heart. The resting heart rate for a healthy adult is between 60 and 100 beats/minute. Bradycardia (resting heart rates slower than 60 beats/minute) does not always cause low blood pressure. But in many patients bradycardia can lead to low blood pressure, light-headedness, dizziness, and even fainting.
  • One example of bradycardia, sick sinus syndrome, occurs common in the elderly. This syndrome is due to degeneration of the sinus node (SA node), an area in the heart that generates electrical signals that cause the heart to beat regularly. In the sick sinus syndrome, the diseased SA node cannot generate signals fast enough to maintain a normal heart rate. Another condition that causes bradycardia is heart block. Electrical signals from the SA node must travel to the rest of the heart’s muscle to cause the heart to contract and pump blood. Normally these electrical signals are transmitted along special tissues in the heart. Heart block occurs when these specialized tissues are damaged by heart attacks, degeneration that occurs with aging, and medications. Heart block prevents some or all of the electrical signals generated by the SA node from reaching the rest of the heart, and this prevents the heart from contracting as rapidly as it otherwise would.
  • An abnormally fast heart rate (tachycardia) also can cause low blood pressure. The most common example of tachycardia causing low blood pressure is atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is a disorder of the heart characterized by rapid and irregular electrical discharges from the muscle of the heart (instead of the SA node), causing the ventricles to contract irregularly and (usually) rapidly. The rapidly contracting ventricles do not have enough time to fill maximally with blood before the each contraction, and the amount of blood that is pumped decreases, in spite of the faster heart rate.

Causes of low blood pressure symptoms:

Conditions that reduce the volume of blood, reduce cardiac output (the amount of blood pumped by the heart), and medications are frequent causes of low blood pressure.

  • Addison’s disease
  • Simmond’s disease
  • Shock
  • Pericarditis
  • Aortic stenosis
  • Myocardial infraction
  • Emphysema
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Specific medications
  • Toxicity
  • Septicemia
  • Pulmonary tuberculosis
  • Prolonged bed rest
  • Prolonged use of hypotensives
  • Beta blockers
  • Vasodilators
  • Autonomic neuropathy
  • Hyponatremia
  • Chronic renal failure etc

Low blood pressure symptoms:

When blood pressure is too low, the first organ to malfunction is usually the brain because it is located at the top of the body and blood has to fight gravity to reach the brain. Consequently, most people with low blood pressure feel dizzy or light-headed when they stand, and some may even faint. However, if blood pressure is low enough, brain damage can still occur.

Low blood pressure occasionally causes shortness of breath or chest pain due to an inadequate blood supply to the heart muscle (angina). All organs begin to malfunction if blood pressure becomes sufficiently low and remains low; this condition is called shock (see Shock).

Some symptoms occur when the body's compensatory mechanisms try to increase blood pressure that is low. For example, when arterioles constrict, blood flow to the skin, feet, and hands decreases. These areas may become cold and turn blue. When the heart beats more quickly and more forcefully, a person may feel palpitations (awareness of heartbeats).

  • Fainting
  • Headache
  • Dyspnoea
  • Chest pain
  • Dysphagia
  • Dysuria
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Blurred vision increased temperature of body
  • Neck rigidity
  • Shortness of breath
  • Vomiting diarrhea
  • Upper back pain
  • Foul smelling urine
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability

Diagnosis

Diagnosis is entirely depends upon cause and medical condition. Some important diagnostic measures include:

  • Complete blood count
  • Estimation of cortisole levels
  • Blood culture
  • Urine culture
  • Electrocardiogram
  • X-ray chest
  • CT scan chest
  • Echocardiogram
  • Holter monitoring

Treatment of low blood pressure symptoms

Plan of treatment must be based on cause of low blood pressure symptoms and medical condition of the patient.

Homeopathic treatment for low blood pressure symptoms – Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat low blood pressure symptoms but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility.

As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several well-proved medicines are available for the treatment of low blood pressure symptoms that can be selected on the basis of cause, condition, sensation and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person. Some important remedies are given below for low blood pressure symptoms treatment:

Lycopodium, Nat. Mur, China, Sepia, Carbo Veg, Tuberculinum, Calcaria Phos, Viscum Alb, Gelsemium and many other medicines.

Other natural and alternative modes of treatment for low blood pressure symptoms – mainly include Ayurveda, naturopathy, yoga, acupressure, acupuncture etc.

Low blood pressure in healthy subjects without symptoms or organ damage needs no treatment. All patients with symptoms possibly due to low blood pressure should be evaluated by a doctor. The doctor needs to identify the cause of the low blood pressure since treatment will depend on the cause.

  • Dehydration is treated with fluids and minerals (electrolytes). Mild dehydration without nausea and vomiting can be treated with oral fluids and electrolytes. Moderate to severe dehydration usually is treated with intravenous fluids and electrolytes.
  • Blood loss can be treated with intravenous fluids and blood transfusions. If bleeding is continuing, it needs to be treated as well.
  • Septicemia is treated with intravenous fluids and antibiotics or other medicines.
  • Blood pressure medications or diuretics are adjusted, changed, or stopped by the doctor if they are causing low blood pressure symptoms.
  • Bradycardia may be due to a medication. The doctor may reduce, change or stop the medication. Bradycardia due to sick sinus syndrome or heart block is treated with an implantable pacemaker.
  • Tachycardia is treated depending on the nature of the tachycardia. Atrial fibrillation can be treated with oral medications, electrical cardioversion, or a catheterization procedure called pulmonary vein isolation. Ventricular tachycardia can be controlled with medications or with an implantable defibrillator.
  • Pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis is treated with blood thinners, intravenous heparin initially and oral warfarin later.
  • Pericardial fluid can be removed by a procedure called pericardiocentesis.
  • Postural hypotension can be treated by increasing water and salt intake, using compression stockings to compress the leg veins and reduce the pooling of blood in the veins. Increasing salt intake can lead to heart failure in patients with existing heart disease and should not be undertaken without consulting a doctor.

Medications that cause low blood pressure

  • Medications such as calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, and digoxin (Lanoxin) can slow the rate at which the heart contracts.
  • Medications used in treating high blood pressure (such as ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, and alpha-blockers) can excessively lower blood pressure and result in symptomatic low blood pressure especially among the elderly.
  • Diuretics (water pills) such as furosemide (Lasix) can decrease blood volume by causing excessive urination.
  • Medications used for treating depression, such as amitriptyline (Elavil), Parkinson’s disease, such as levodopa-carbidopa (Sinemet), erectile dysfunction (impotence), such as sildenafil (Viagra) when used in combination with nitroglycerine, can cause low blood pressure
  • Alcohol and narcotics also can cause low blood pressure.
  • Other condition s that cause low blood pressure
  • Vasovagal reaction is a common condition in which a healthy person temporarily develops low blood pressure, slow heart rate, and sometimes fainting. A vasovagal reaction typically is brought on by emotions of fear or pain such as having blood drawn or starting an intravenous infusion.
  • Postural (orthostatic) hypotension, as discussed previously, is a sudden drop in blood pressure when an individual stands up from a sitting, squatting, or supine (lying) position. When a person stands up, gravity causes blood to settle in the veins in the legs, hence less blood reaches the heart for pumping, and, as a result, the blood pressure drops.
  • Another form of postural hypotension occurs typically in young healthy individuals. After prolonged standing, the individual’s heart rate and blood pressure drops, causing dizziness, nausea and often fainting. In these individuals, the autonomic nervous system wrongly responds to prolonged standing by directing the heart to slow down and the veins to dilate.
  • Micturition syncope is a temporary drop in blood pressure and loss of consciousness brought about by urinating. This condition typically occurs in elderly patients and may be due to the release by the autonomic nerves of hormones that lower blood pressure.
  • Adrenal insufficiency, for example, due to Addison’s disease, can cause low blood pressure.
  • Septicemia is a severe infection in which bacteria (or other infectious organisms such as fungi) enter the blood. The infection typically originates in the lungs (as pneumonia), bladder, or in the abdomen due to diverticulitis or gallstones. The bacteria then enter the blood where they release toxins and cause life-threatening and profound low blood pressure (septic shock), often with damage to several organs.
  • Anaphylaxis (anaphylactic shock) is a potentially fatal allergic reaction to medications such as penicillin, intravenous iodine used in some x-ray studies, foods such as peanuts, or bee stings. In addition to a profound drop in blood pressure, individuals may also experience hives, wheezing, and a swollen throat with difficulty breathing.

Homeopathic Remedies & Homeopathy Treatment for Hypotension, Low Blood Pressure

Homeopathy can not just give symptomatic relief in cases of hypotension but can also address many root causes of low blood pressure like Bradychardia, Tachycardia, Pericarditis, Schock, Speticiemia, Vasovagal attack, inflammation etc.

The most commonly indicated homeopathic medicines in low blood pressure are:

Carbo-veg, Phos, Sepia, Thyroidinum, Baryta-mur, Aconite, Aranea, Cactus, Curare, Gelsemium, Halo, Histamine, Lachesis, Lyco, Naja, Rauwolfia, Reserprine, Visc., Radium, Theridion, Oleander, Laurocrasis, Acid flour, Adrenalin, Ars alb, Aurum mur, Bartya carb, Bryonia, Crataegus China, Conium, Ferrum met, lycopus, Nat mur, Pulsatilla.

Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution etc.

Homeopathic Treatment of Thyroid

Thyroid is one of the body’s most important glands. Thyroid dysfunction is one of the most common clinical conditions seen frequently. Thyroid function influences energy formation, circulation, immune function, the metabolism of all the organs, blood sugar regulation, emotional stability, and hormonal balance.

Thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland located in the neck on either side of the voice box that controls the overall metabolic rate of the body. Hence, imbalances of thyroid hormones can have an intense effect on an individual's energy levels. Sometimes the disturbances are very clear and easily diagnosed. Often though, they can be rather delicate and easily overlooked.

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is when the thyroid gland produces an excess of hormones. This is associated with weight loss coupled with increased appetite, heart palpitations, increased body heat, bulging eyes, restlessness, anxiety, sleep disturbances or insomnia, muscle weakness, trembling hands, and decreased menstrual flow.

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the body lacks sufficient thyroid hormone. This occurs with greater frequency in women between the ages of 40-50, and may affect as many as 10% of women over age 50. It is associated with symptoms like fatigue, weight gain, low motivation, heat and/or cold intolerance, headaches and migraines, dry skin and hair, hair loss, fluid retention, unhealthy brittle nails, constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, asthma, allergies, slow healing, acne, hives, carpal tunnel syndrome, low sex drive, insomnia, irritability, anxiety and panic attacks, depression, decreased memory and concentration, and sometimes infertility.

Causes of Thyroid Problems

  • Deficiencies of iodine, B vitamins, various minerals.
  • Nutritional toxins, environmental toxins, microorganisms, iatrogenic disorders that is caused by a medical procedure or drug, and hormonal imbalances.
  • Soy isoflavones - a type of Phytoestrogens compound that have weak estrogenic activity are strong thyroid inhibitors.
  • Estrogen dominance during perimenopause can suppress thyroid function.
  • Broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, and brussels sprouts - when eaten raw can cause thyroid disruption.
  • Agricultural sprays, chlorine and fluorides in water.
  • Radiation ranging from nuclear plants and high power lines, to common household items such as microwaves, TV’s, computers, water beds, electric blankets, and some electrical appliances all have the potential of affecting the thyroid.
  • Heavy metals like mercury, cadmium, iron, and arsenic.
  • Coxsackie virus, candida fungus overgrowth due to stress, lowered immune system, antibiotic overuse, oral contraceptives, and use of steroids.

Homeopathic Approach to Thyroid Problems

Homeopathy considers a disease to be the result from emotional distress and frustration, which blocks the life force energy into various different organs or glands. Homeopathy considers thyroid problem as one such autoimmune glandular dysfunction. Homeopathy offers better chances of a cure since the treatment is based on the person's individual constitution. Homeopathic treatment may be useful as a supportive therapy for regulating both "hyper" and "hypo" conditions of the thyroid.

Conventional treatment of thyroid dysfunction relies mainly on drugs and surgery, whereas homeopathic treatment improves the function of the thyroid gland through natural means. Homeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own healing power. Homeopathic remedies stimulate the body to reactivate the hormone secretions, replenish and restore the thyroid tissue through the pituitary and other glands as a whole allowing the body to heal itself.

The fundamental understanding of homeopathy is that substances that can cause a pattern of symptoms in a healthy person can activate a cure of that pattern of symptoms in a sick person when those substances are homeopathically potentized. This is done not by suppressing symptoms like an allopathic drug, but by expressing the healing powers dwelling within us to heal through treating the whole person including body, mind and emotions.

Another striking thing about homeopathy is that it has no side effects. People on multiple medications can safely take homeopathic medicines. Homeopathic drugs are non-habit forming and have no addictive characteristics. Homeopathy has an exceptional proven safety record with the FDA with 200 years of clinical effectiveness.

Thus, homeopathic remedies will help boost your energy, improve circulation, and soothe metabolism by balancing “hyper” or “hypo” thyroid functions. To conclude, homeopathy heals by finding and curing the roots of the disease. It has a cleansing effect and stimulates thyroid activity by implementing a general regulating influence on the thyroid. Hence, for a safe, natural, effective, and long-lasting answer for your thyroid problems, consider homeopathy.

Jaundice and homeopathy

What is Jaundice

Jaundice is not a disease but rather a sign that can occur in many different diseases. Jaundice is the yellowish staining of the skin and sclera (the whites of the eyes) that is caused by high levels in blood of the chemical bilirubin. The colour of the skin and sclera vary depending on the level of bilirubin. When the bilirubin level is mildly elevated, they are yellowish. When the bilirubin level is high, they tend to be brown.

Jaundice Symptoms

Jaundice is a sign of an underlying disease process.....
Common signs and symptoms seen in individuals with jaundice include:

  • Yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the whites of the eyes,
  • Light-colour stools,
  • Dark-colour urine, and
  • Itching of the skin.

The underlying disease process may result in additional signs and symptoms. These may include:

  • Nausea and vomiting,
  • Abdominal pain,
  • Fever,
  • Weakness,
  • Loss of appetite,
  • Headache,
  • Confusion,
  • Swelling of the legs and abdomen, and
  • Newborn jaundice.

In newborns, as the bilirubin level rises, jaundice will typically progress from the head to the trunk, and then to the hands and feet.

Additional signs and symptoms that may be seen in the newborn include:

  • Poor feeding,
  • Lethargy,
  • Changes in muscle tone,
  • High-pitched crying, and
  • Seizures.

Pre-hepatic (before bile is made in the liver)- Jaundice in these cases is caused by rapid increase in the breakdown and destruction of the red blood cells (haemolysis), overwhelming the liver’s ability to adequately remove the increased levels of bilirubin from the blood.
Examples of conditions with increased breakdown of red blood cells include:

  • Malaria,
  • Sickle cell crisis,
  • Spherocytosis,
  • Thalassemia,
  • Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD),
  • Drugs or other toxins, and
  • Autoimmune disorders.

Hepatic (the problem arises within the liver)- Jaundice in these cases is caused by the liver’s inability to properly metabolize and excrete bilirubin. Examples include:

  • Hepatitis (commonly viral or alcohol related),
  • Cirrhosis,
  • Drugs or other toxins,
  • Crigler-Najjar syndrome,
  • Gilbert’s syndrome, and
  • Cancer.

Post-hepatic (after bile has been made in the liver)- Jaundice in these cases, also termed obstructive jaundice, is caused by conditions which interrupt the normal drainage of conjugated bilirubin in the form of bile from the liver into the intestines.

Causes of Jaundice:

  1. Hepatic Jaundice:
    • Ineffective hepatitis serum hepatitis, acute yellow atrophy, passive congestion from CCF partal pyaemic abscesses cirrhosis of liver.
    • Jaundice in acute fevers ; malaria typhoid fever, Weil' s disease, glandular fever, relapsing fever.
    • Congenital abnormalities e.g., galctosaemia, Dubin Johnson' s disease, Gilbert' s disease.
  2. Jaundice due to obstruction of larger bile ducts:
    • caused with in the lumen of CBD gallstones, inspissated bile, rarely round worms.
    • causes affecting the wall of the duct : surgical trauma -e.g., accidental ligation of division during surgery in right upper quadrant of abdomen. stricture of CBD cancer of CBD enlarged hilar lymph nodes :-metastatic carcinoma, malignant reticulasis tuberculosis, tumor of liver, gall bladder, pancreas, duodenum, stomach, hepatic flexure and rarely right kidney or suprarenal, rarely pressure from hydatid cyst or huge retropertoneal cysts and tumors.
  3. Haemolytic Jaundice: hereditary spherocytosis sickle cell anaemia ; thalassaemia, icterusgravis, neonatorum, hypersplenism, paroxymal, laemoglobinuria, trnsfusion with incompatible blood, snake venom poisoning glucose-6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency.
  4. Drug induced jaundice: sulphonamides, cholecystographic media, methyl testosterone, norethandrolone, chlorpromazine hydrazines, novobiocin, PAS tetrachlorethane, chloroform, chlorpropamide (diabenase ), halothane.

Blood Examination: Leucocytosis suggests obstructive jaundice either due to malignancy or ascending cholangitis, low leucocyte count with relative lymphocytosis suggests hepato-cellular jaundice, if haemolytic is suspected there will be increased reticulocytosis and presence of immature red blood cells, erythrocytes fragility tests and coomb' s test are useful for diagnosis of haemolytic jaundice.

Biochemical Tests: serum bilirubin level shows the severity and progress of jaundice, cephalin cholesterol, thymol turbidity and other flocculation tests will be affected in hepato-cellular jaundice.

Estimation of serum albumin, globulin and electrophoretic pattern of serum proteins are very useful. A normal serum albumin with elevated a2 and B globulin shows obstructive jaundice while there is depression of albumin with elevation of r globulin in hepatocellular jaundice. Increased serum alkaline phosphatase if over 35 KA units ad gradually increasing suggests obstructive jaundice, serum iron, serum B 12 and SGPT increase in hepatitis and is normal in obstructive jaundice.

In problem cases decrease in serum bilirubin by 40% after 30 mg of predinisolone for 5 days will suggest hepatocellular jaundice, very rarely it may be essential to wait for 3 weeks and repeat all the tests.

Urine Examination: Urine is examined for presence of bile salts and pigments and urobi-linogen, bilirubinuria with absence of urobilinogen suggests obstructive jaundice. if this persists for weeks or months, the obstruction will be due to malignancy, exception being cholestatic jaundice. billiubinuria associated with presence of urobilinogen suggest virus hepatitis while excess of urobilinogen with a negative bilirubin test would suggest the haemolytic jaundice.

General Examination: Age is very important, as the cause of jaundice of birth and in infancy is quite different from the causes in later life

The causes of neonatal jaundice are physiological and pre maturity jaundice,a transient jaundice appearing around 3 days after birth and disappearing around second week. haemolytic disease of new born; characteristically the first born escapes the disease, infant may be deeply jaundiced with in 12 hours ; rarely anaemia may be severe and jaundice may be mild. drugs which give rise to jaundice in adult are in fact more icterogenic in fact as conjugation is more deficient at and after birth. Giant cell hepatitis, viral hepatitis, congenital syphilis and pyogenic infections all rarely can cause jaundice in new born. The incidence of ineffective hepatitis decreases as the age advances, being commonest in 2nd and 3rd decades. Fertile fatty female of 40 is more likely to have stones but no age is exempt, the higher the age more the chances of malignant obstruction.

Causes of obstructive jaundice include:

  • Gallstones in the bile ducts,
  • Cancer (pancreatic and gallbladder/bile duct carcinoma),
  • Strictures of the bile ducts,
  • Cholangitis,
  • Congenital malformations,
  • Pancreatitis,
  • Parasites,
  • Pregnancy, and
  • Newborn jaundice.

The following are some common causes of newborn jaundice:

  • Physiological jaundice-This form of jaundice is usually evident on the second or third day of life. It is the most common cause of newborn jaundice and is usually a transient and harmless condition
  • Maternal-foetal blood group incompatibility (Rh, ABO)-This form of jaundice occurs when there is incompatibility between the blood types of the mother and the fetus. This leads to increased bilirubin levels from the breakdown of the fetus’ red blood cells (haemolysis).
  • Breast milk jaundice-This form of jaundice occurs in breastfed newborns and usually appears at the end of the first week of life. Certain chemicals in breast milk are thought to be responsible. It is usually a harmless condition that resolves spontaneously. Mothers typically do not have to discontinue breastfeeding.
  • Breastfeeding jaundice-This form of jaundice occurs when the breastfed newborn does not receive adequate breast milk intake. This may occur because of delayed or insufficient milk production by the mother or because of poor feeding by the newborn. This inadequate intake results in dehydration and fewer bowel movements for the newborn, with subsequent decreased bilirubin excretion from the body.

Treatment

With the exception of the treatments for specific causes of jaundice mentioned previously, the treatment of jaundice usually requires a diagnosis of the specific cause of the jaundice and treatment directed at the specific cause, Homeopathy medicines helps to cure almost all type of jaundice. Homeo medicines for jaundice is based under symptoms similarity.

Homeopathy: An Introduction and why you should use it

Homeopathy, also known as homeopathic medicine, is an alternative medical system that was developed in Germany more than 200 years ago. This fact sheet provides a general overview of homeopathy and suggests sources for additional information. Homeopathy is the system of medicine which works on the principle of 'like cures like' (Similia Similibus curanter).

This system of holistic healing was founded by Dr.Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), a German physician. Hahnemann, who was translating the a book on the medicinal properties of drugs, was reading the properties of the medicine Cinchona, when he read that Cinchona cures malaria, because of its bitter taste. Hahnemann was surprised by this statement and when he read on, he found a footnote which said that cinchona poisoning leads to malaria-like symptoms.

This set him thinking and he decided to test the medicine of himself. He experienced the symptoms of malaria, by repeatedly taking the Cinchona medicine and after continuing his experiments found that those medicines which cause disease-like symptoms in healthy individuals are capable of curing the diseased individuals. So, homeopathy relies on the Materia Medica - a book containing the properties of medicines, properties which have been proved on healthy individuals.

Homeopathic doctors rely on the materia medica as the authority for it contains not empty theories, but details of symptoms which were experienced by hundreds of provers. It is thus a system based on sound principles and as a result of solid experiments.

How does homeopathy work?

The theory behind the working of homeopathy is that the body of every human being contains a vital force within the body which regulates the functioning of the body. Due to reasons such as heredity, environmental conditions, stress etc, this vital force weaken causing disease. So, disease is nothing but a complex of certain symptoms observed in the human body. The homeopathic physician make a study of not only the symptoms the patient is complaining of, but of the entire patient himself.

This leads to a picture of the patient. The physician then prescribes homeopathic medicine, which matches this picture. Now, the medicine so prescribed would have caused the same symptoms in healthy person during 'drug provings'. This medicine is given in a highly diluted dose, so as to prevent side effects. This minute dose, creates a similar disorder in the vital force and provokes the vital force to react to the symptoms and overcome. (The same system is used in vaccines, where vaccination against small-pox is done by injecting the small-pox disease-causing organism, so that the body can build up its natural immunity).

Key Points

  • There is little evidence to support homeopathy as an effective treatment for any specific condition.
  • Although people sometimes assume that all homeopathic remedies are highly diluted and therefore unlikely to cause harm, some products labeled as homeopathic can contain substantial amounts of active ingredients and therefore could cause side effects and drug interactions.
  • Homeopathic remedies are regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, FDA does not evaluate the remedies for safety or effectiveness.
  • Several key concepts of homeopathy are inconsistent with fundamental concepts of chemistry and physics. There are significant challenges in carrying out rigorous clinical research on homeopathic remedies.
  • Tell all your health care providers about any complementary health practices you use. Give them a full picture of all you do to manage your health. This will help ensure coordinated and safe care.

Overview

The alternative medical system of homeopathy was developed in Germany at the end of the 18th century. Supporters of homeopathy point to two unconventional theories: "like cures like"—the notion that a disease can be cured by a substance that produces similar symptoms in healthy people; and "law of minimum dose"—the notion that the lower the dose of the medication, the greater its effectiveness. Many homeopathic remedies are so diluted that no molecules of the original substance remain.
Homeopathic remedies are derived from substances that come from plants, minerals, or animals, such as red onion, arnica (mountain herb), crushed whole bees, white arsenic, poison ivy, belladonna (deadly nightshade), and stinging nettle. Homeopathic remedies are often formulated as sugar pellets to be placed under the tongue; they may also be in other forms, such as ointments, gels, drops, creams, and tablets. Treatments are "individualized" or tailored to each person—it is not uncommon for different people with the same condition to receive different treatments.

Use in the United States

According to the 2007 National Health Interview Survey, which included a comprehensive survey of the use of complementary health practices by Americans, an estimated 3.9 million adults and 910,000 children used homeopathy in the previous year. These estimates include use of over-the-counter products labeled as "homeopathic," as well as visits with a homeopathic practitioner. Out-of-pocket costs for adults were $2.9 billion for homeopathic medicines and $170 million for visits to homeopathic practitioners.

The Status of Homeopathy Research
Most rigorous clinical trials and systematic analyses of the research on homeopathy have concluded that there is little evidence to support homeopathy as an effective treatment for any specific condition.
Homeopathy is a controversial topic in complementary medicine research. A number of the key concepts of homeopathy are not consistent with fundamental concepts of chemistry and physics. For example, it is not possible to explain in scientific terms how a remedy containing little or no active ingredient can have any effect. This, in turn, creates major challenges to rigorous clinical investigation of homeopathic remedies. For example, one cannot confirm that an extremely dilute remedy contains what is listed on the label, or develop objective measures that show effects of extremely dilute remedies in the human body.
Another research challenge is that homeopathic treatments are highly individualized, and there is no uniform prescribing standard for homeopathic practitioners. There are hundreds of different homeopathic remedies, which can be prescribed in a variety of different dilutions for thousands of symptoms.

Side Effects and Risks

  • Certain homeopathic products (called "nosodes" or "homeopathic immunizations") have been promoted by some as substitutes for conventional immunizations, but data to support such claims is lacking. The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) supports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommendations for immunizations/vaccinations.
  • While many homeopathic remedies are highly diluted, some products sold or labeled as homeopathic may not be highly diluted; they can contain substantial amounts of active ingredients. Like any drug or dietary supplement that contains chemical ingredients, these homeopathic products may cause side effects or drug interactions. Negative health effects from homeopathic products of this type have been reported.
  • A 2007 systematic review found that highly diluted homeopathic remedies, taken under the supervision of trained professionals, are generally safe and unlikely to cause severe adverse reactions. However, like any drug or dietary supplement, these products could pose risks if they are improperly manufactured (for example, if they are contaminated with microorganisms or incorrectly diluted).
  • A 2012 systematic review of case reports and case series concluded that using certain homeopathic treatments (such as those containing heavy metals like mercury or iron that are not highly diluted) or replacing an effective conventional treatment with an ineffective homeopathic one can cause adverse effects, some of which may be serious.
  • Liquid homeopathic remedies may contain alcohol. The FDA allows higher levels of alcohol in these remedies than it allows in conventional drugs.
  • Homeopathic practitioners expect some of their patients to experience "homeopathic aggravation" (a temporary worsening of existing symptoms after taking a homeopathic prescription). Researchers have not found much evidence of this reaction in clinical studies; however, research on homeopathic aggravations is scarce. Always discuss changes in your symptoms with your health care provider.

Regulation of Homeopathic Treatments

Homeopathic remedies are regulated as drugs under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FDCA). However, under current Agency policy, FDA does not evaluate the remedies for safety or effectiveness. FDA enforcement policies for homeopathic drugs are described in FDA's Compliance Policy Guide entitled Conditions Under Which Homeopathic Drugs May be Marketed (CPG 7132.15).
FDA allows homeopathic remedies that meet certain conditions to be marketed without agency preapproval. For example, homeopathic remedies must contain active ingredients that are listed in the Homeopathic Pharmacopeia of the United States (HPUS). The HPUS lists active ingredients that may be legally included in homeopathic products and standards for strength, quality, and purity of that ingredient. In addition, the FDA requires that the label on the product, outer container, or accompanying leaflet include at least one major indication (i.e., medical problem to be treated), a list of ingredients, the number of times the active ingredient was diluted, and directions for use. If a homeopathic remedy claims to treat a serious disease such as cancer, it must be sold by prescription. Only products for minor health problems, like a cold or headache, which go away on their own, can be sold without a prescription.

Licensing

Laws regulating the practice of homeopathy in the United States vary from state to state. Usually, individuals who are licensed to practice medicine or another health care profession can legally practice homeopathy. In some states, non-licensed professionals may practice homeopathy.
Arizona, Connecticut, and Nevada are the only states with homeopathic licensing boards for doctors of medicine (holders of M.D. degrees) and doctors of osteopathic medicine (holders of D.O. degrees). Arizona and Nevada also license homeopathic assistants, who are allowed to perform medical services under the supervision of a homeopathic physician. Some states explicitly include homeopathy within the scope of practice of chiropractic, naturopathy, and physical therapy.

If You Are Thinking About Using Homeopathy

  • Do not use homeopathy as a replacement for proven conventional care or to postpone seeing a health care provider about a medical problem.
  • If you are considering using a homeopathic remedy, bring the product with you when you visit your health care provider. The provider may be able to help you determine whether the product might pose a risk of side effects or drug interactions.
  • Follow the recommended conventional immunization schedules for children and adults. Do not use homeopathic products as a substitute for conventional immunizations.
  • Women who are pregnant or nursing, or people who are thinking of using homeopathy to treat a child, should consult their (or their child's) health care providers.
  • Tell all your health care providers about any complementary health practices you use. Give them a full picture of all you do to manage your health. This will ensure coordinated and safe care. For tips about talking with your health care providers about complementary health approaches, see the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine's (NCCAM).

Management of Anger with Homeopathic

What is anger?

Homeopathy for anger management is a big topic and probably one best treated by a psychologist. However it is interesting to see how angry temperaments are often modified by homeopathy and can sometimes be helped by simple self-prescribed polycrests. There are so many types of anger and so many reasons, that one has to look more deeply into the remedies and the person.

When an individual becomes angry, their heart rate and blood pressure increases as chemicals such as adrenalin are pumped through their body. Releasing this tension (often verbally or physically) may accompany these physical changes. However some individuals may not release this tension and suppress their anger. This usually leads to a buildup of emotions causing them to ‘explode’ when it all becomes too much.

Anger is a perfectly normal and natural feeling that everyone experiences from time to time, but it is not a terribly useful emotion. When anger becomes a habit or takes over your life to the point where you are struggling or facing negative consequences, it has crossed the line to become a true problem.

The goal of anger management is to control both the emotional feelings and physiological arousal that anger creates. Recognizing anger and learning to express it in the correct way can help individuals handle emergencies and solve problems easier. The key is to learn how to react calmly when something causes those feelings of anger, without lashing out, shouting or becoming violent.

Homeopathic Approach to Anger

Prolonged anger can contribute to other physical and mental ailments, deteriorate the immune system and speed up the aging process. A healthy immune system dominates our body's healing process and shields it against infections and diseases. The facility to highlight mental calmness elevates physical and mental well being, vitality and long life. Homeopathic remedies work towards balancing the chemical communication between the nerves in the brain. Homeopathy will pacify the mind, help promote balanced moods and feelings, in addition to maintaining harmony, health and systemic balance in the brain and nervous system. The remedies will help you overcome anger, anxiety, negative feelings, manage stress, promote tranquility, prevent relapses as well as help build self-esteem and self-confidence. The remedies are harmless and effective for adults as well as children and will escort to a permanent long-lasting cure. The remedies will treat all your problems, not just the defiance and anger and will allow you to be yourself again. Homeopathic remedies have proven to be very effective in curbing and controlling emotions of anger and making the person more calm and capable of controlling their emotions and managing anger.

Another exceptional thing about homeopathy is that people on multiple medications can safely take homeopathic medicines. Homeopathic drugs are non-habit forming and have no addictive characteristics. Homeopathy has an exceptional proven safety record with the FDA with 200 years of clinical effectiveness.

Types of Anger:

  • Anger from mortification: These people have an underprivileged self-esteem, which they mask by rebuking and dishonoring others.
  • Atrocious Anger: These people feel insecure, unreasonably vulnerable by others, and anger is an avenue of self-defense. They imagine that others are angry instead of recognizing their own wrath.
  • Expectation Anger: These people have a negative outlook and have unrealistic expectations of themselves and from others. Their root of anger is not accepting people as they are.
  • Forestalling Anger: These people are terrified of their own anger, or the anger of others. They are fearful of losing control and feel protected in peaceful situations.
  • Revulsion Anger: These people have an unresolved sentiment of anger, which causes resentment and they become hostile towards those they cannot forgive.
  • Impulsive Anger: These people feel loss of control and hence they are aggressive, go like a bullet, and can be a threat to themselves and others. Their actions are impulsive, for which they are later repentant.
  • Premeditated Anger: These people contemplate their anger, they like controlling others, and they get what they want by intimidating or overpowering others.
  • Principled Anger: These people are fanatics, self-opinionated and uncompromising. They do not comprehend other people and get heated when others not pass their expectations.
  • Obsessed Anger: These people get psychologically thrilled and find pleasure from their strong feelings of anger. They get angry frequently even at insignificant trifles, which tarnishes their relationships.
  • Underhanded Anger: These people by no means expose their anger. Their anger is exhibited in devious ways like disregarding things and others, frustrating others, mislaying their own requirements

Symptoms of anger:

  • Aggressive behavior
  • Hostility
  • Explosive outbursts
  • Social withdrawal due to anger
  • Verbal or physical abuse
  • Tense muscles
  • Clenched jaw
  • Anxiety or nervousness
  • Sweating, rapid heartbeat, and rapid breathing
  • Headaches and changes in appetite
  • Muscle tension, twitches, and general restlessness
  • Feeling irritable and bad-tempered
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Difficulty dealing with criticism
  • Withdrawing from people and activities you normal enjoy
  • Confusion, poor concentration, and forgetfulness

Causes of anger:

Anger can be caused by both internal and external events and if it starts to interfere with an individual’s everyday life and relationships, help should be sought. Some of the most common causes of anger include frustration, hurt, threats, annoyance, harassment and disappointment. Other physical conditions found to initiate anger can be fatigue, hunger, hormonal conditions and sexual frustration.

Each person is different and may react to certain conditions more than others. Your anger may have started in one of a number of different ways. Maybe you have been holding on to a minor event, carrying the resentment around and letting it grow until it eventually erupts. Or, maybe you had a tough day at work and everything you encounter that evening is irritating and wearing on your nerves. Another common occurrence is anger that is connected with alcohol or drug use.

Causes of anger:

Anger can be caused by both internal and external events and if it starts to interfere with an individual’s everyday life and relationships, help should be sought. Some of the most common causes of anger include frustration, hurt, threats, annoyance, harassment and disappointment. Other physical conditions found to initiate anger can be fatigue, hunger, hormonal conditions and sexual frustration.

Each person is different and may react to certain conditions more than others. Your anger may have started in one of a number of different ways. Maybe you have been holding on to a minor event, carrying the resentment around and letting it grow until it eventually erupts. Or, maybe you had a tough day at work and everything you encounter that evening is irritating and wearing on your nerves. Another common occurrence is anger that is connected with alcohol or drug use.

Treatment for anger:

NLP and Hypnotherapy Help With Anger Problems:

NLP and hypnotherapy take a different approach to dealing with your anger issues. Instead of trying to manage and control anger, these techniques teach you how to resolve your anger and get rid of it so you can deal with events in a way that is more conscious and reasonable. Your practitioner accesses your conscious mind and unconscious mind, helping you develop new thought processes and behaviors’ that prevent you from becoming overwhelmed with emotion and anger. Hypnotherapy can also help an individual to change the way they think or behave in situations that cause their anger to flare up. By accessing the subconscious mind, hypnotherapy can often help identify the root cause of the problem and help the individual to learn how to deal with it in a calmer, more relaxed way. Relaxation techniques such as deep breathing can sometimes help calm down angry feelings. If anger is affecting everyday life, counseling can often help to develop a range of techniques for changing the way an individual thinks and behaves.

Learn to change the way you think and react, to stop being so angry:

Regardless of how your anger started or how it comes out in your life, the solution to this problem does not lie in learning how to manage or control the feelings. Instead, the solution is to identify the old, automatic thought patterns and behaviors’ associated with your anger, and set about re-training your mind to create new thought patterns and behaviors’ that are more calm, reasonable, and centered.

How Long Will Treatment Take?

Because NLP and hypnotherapy are so direct and so effective, we can usually help you get the results you want in a very short period of time. Most of our clients are successful at resolving their anger issues in as few as two or three hour-long sessions. These sessions may be individual, joint with your partner or spouse, or a combination of these.

Hypnotherapy will help you learn how to take control of your anger and how to manage your dislikes so they don’t turn into overwhelming rage. It will help you become aware of the patterns and the source of your anger, and help you let go of the old ways and learn to be flexible with challenges and conflicts in your life so you can enjoy life.

A Modern Understanding of Homeopathic Medicine

Great Britain's Royal Family, Mahatma Gandhi, John D. Rockefeller, Sr., Tina Turner, and Yehudi Menuhin don't have much in common, except for the fact that they all have been strong supporters of homeopathic medicine. There is one simple reason that these and other respected individuals the world over have supported homeopathic medicine: it works.

The science and art of homeopathy embody what many people envision as a 21st century medicine. Homeopathy is a medical approach that respects the wisdom of the body. It is an approach that utilizes medicines that stimulate the body's own immune and defense system to initiate the healing process. It is an approach that individualizes medicines according to the totality of the person's physical, emotional, and mental symptoms. It is an approach that is widely recognized to be safe. And it is an approach that can be potentially very effective in treating the new types of diseases that are afflicting us now and will affect us in the 21st century.

To understand this science and art, it is necessary first of all to define some important assumptions that homeopathy has about healing.

Symptoms as Defenses

Too often physicians and patients alike assume that a person's symptoms are the disease and that simply treating these symptoms is the best way to cure. Such treatment is on a parwith trying to unplug a car's emergency oil light because it is flashing. Although unplugging the bulb is effective in stopping that irritating flashing light, it does nothing to change the reason it is giving its warning.

The word "symptom" comes from a Greek root and refers to "something that falls together with something else." Symptoms then are a sign or signal of something else, and treating them doesn't necessarily change that "something else."

In 1942 Walter B. Cannon, a medical doctor, wrote The Wisdom of the Body. This book, which is a classic in medicine, detailed the impressive and sophisticated efforts that the body deploys to defend and heal itself.

A growing number of physiologists, including Dr. Hans Selye, who is considered to be the father of stress theory, have taken Cannon's work further, recognizing that symptoms are actually efforts of the organism to deal with stress or infection. Rather than viewing symptoms simply as signs of the body's breakdown, these medical doctors see symptoms as defenses of the body that attempt to protect and heal itself.

Concepts in new physics offer further support for the notion that living and non-living systems have inherent self-regulating, self-organizing, and self-healing capacities. This ongoing effort to maintain homeostasis (balance) and to develop higher and higher levels of order and stability have been described in detail by Nobel Prize-winning physicist Ilya Prigogine in Order Out of Chaos, Fritjof Capra in The Turning Point, and Erich Jantsch in The Self-Organizing Universe.

Recent research has shown that fevers represent an effort of the organism to try to heal itself. Fever usually accompanies bacterial or viral infection. Physiologist Matthew Kluger and his associates at the University of Michigan Medical School have shown that the body prepares itself to resist infection by creating a fever; it is then more able to produce interferon (an antiviral substance). Fever also increases white blood cell mobility and activity, instrumental factors in fighting infection.

If fevers are now becoming recognized as adaptive defenses of the body, it is understandable why suppressing them with aspirin is gradually being discouraged.* Using this drug on children with flu or chicken pox is particularly counterproductive since it also puts them at risk of contracting Reyes Syndrome (a potentially fatal neurological condition).
[* There are, of course, times when a fever gets so high that it can cause serious, long-term damage to a person's health. The majority of homeopathy's practitioners are trained physicians, and they too recognize the importance of heroic medical treatment in select cases. Homeopaths, however, tend to be conservative in treatment and rely on suppressive drugs only when it is medically necessary or when a patient's suffering is extreme.]

Modern medical science is recognizing more and more symptoms as adaptive responses of the body. Standard texts of pathology define the process of inflammation as the manner in which the body seeks to wall off, heat up, and burn out infective agents or foreign matter. The cough has long been known as a protective mechanism for clearing breathing passages. Diarrhea has been shown to be a defensive effort of the body to remove pathogens or irritants more quickly from the colon. Discharges are understood as the body's way of ridding itself of mucus, dead bacteria, viruses, and cells.

The implications of recognizing that symptoms are efforts of the body to defend itself are significant. Many conventional drugs are specifically prescribed to control or suppress symptoms. As the result of this action, these drugs may well inhibit the body's defense and immune processes. Such drugs should be avoided, except in special circumstances.

Homeopathy's Basic Principle: The Law of Similars

It is accepted knowledge that every plant, mineral, and chemical can cause in overdose its own unique set of physical, emotional, and mental symptoms. It also is readily acknowledged that individuals, when ill, have their own idiosyncratic physical, emotional, and mental symptom patterns, even when people have the same disease. Homeopathic medicine is a natural pharmaceutical science in which a practitioner seeks to find a substance which would cause in overdose similar symptoms to those a sick person is experiencing. When the match is made, that substance then is given in very small, safe doses, often with dramatic effects.

Homeopaths define the underlying principle for this matching process as the "law of similars." The "law" is not unknown to conventional medicine. Immunizations are based on the principle of similars. No less a person as Dr. Emil Adolph Von Behring, the "father of immunology," directly pointed to the origins of immunizations when he asserted, "(B)y what technical term could we more appropriately speak of this influence than by Hahnemann's word "homoeopathy." Modern allergy treatment, likewise, utilizes the homeopathic approach by the use of small doses of allergens in order to create an antibody response.

Note: [* Homeopathy was originally spelled "homoeopathy," though a growing number of people have simplified its spelling.]

Conventional medicine also uses homeopathic-like therapy in choosing radiation to treat people with cancer (radiation causes cancer), digitalis for heart conditions (digitalis creates heart conditions), and ritalin for hyperactive children (ritalin is an amphetamine-like drug which normally causes hyperactivity). Other examples are the use of nitroglycerine for heart conditions*, gold salts for arthritic conditions, and colchicine for gout.
[*Few people know that nitroglycerine was first utilized as a medicine by Constantine Hering, a homeopathic physician. For a more detailed history of the use of nitroglycerine in medicine, see W.B. Fye, "Nitroglycerine: A Homeopathic Remedy," Circulation, January, 1986, 73,1, 21-29. Also, for a historical discussion of various homeopathic drugs which have been incorporated into conventional medicine, see Harris Coulter's Homoeopathic Influences in Nineteenth Century Allopathic Therapeutics (St. Louis: Formur, 1973).]

It should be remembered that although these conventional medical treatments utilize the homeopathic law of similars, they do not follow other fundamental principles of homeopathy. They are not individually prescribed to the degree of selectivity common in homeopathy, and they are not prescribed in a similar safe, extremely small dose. The law of similars also is a basic principle of physics, one which many of us might have learned in elementary school. My first grade teacher showed us magnets and how opposite poles attract while similar poles repel. She also showed how to recharge a weakened magnet: place similar poles next to each other, eventually the magnet will be recharged and will again repel itself from the other. As in homeopathy, like recharges/regenerates/heals like.

Besides being used in conventional medicine and science, the law of similars has a global and historical basis in healing. (11) In the 4th century B.C., Hippocrates was known to have said, "Through the like, disease is produced, and through the application of the like it is cured." (12) The Delphic Oracle proclaimed the value of the law of similars, stating, "that which make sick shall heal." Another story from Greek mythology which gave an example of the similars principle in action, though in a magical rather than medicinal way, was when Telephus, a Trojan hero who was speared, needed to obtain the original spear for his healing.

Paracelsus, a well-known 15th century physician and alchemist, used the law of similars extensively in practice and referred to it in writings. His formulation of the "Doctrine of Signatures" spoke directly of the value in using similars in healing. He affirmed, "You there bring together the same anatomy of the herbs and the same anatomy of the illness into one order. This simile gives you understanding of the way in which you shall heal." (13)

Even Shakespeare recognized the value of similars when he wrote in Romeo and Juliet:
"Tut, man, one fire burns out another's burning;
One pain is lessened by another's anguish,
Turn giddy and be holp by backward turning;
One desperate grief cures with another's languish.
Take thou some new infection to the eye,
And the rank poison of the old will die."

And Johann Wolfgang Goethe affirmed its special value in his most famous play Faust:
"To like things like, whatever one may ail;
there's certain help."

The use of the similars concept has Eastern roots as well. The martial art, aikido, is based on the principle that by using the force of the attacker against himself, a person is more able to defend himself than if he attempts to butt up directly against the attacker's blows. Aikido practitioners are known to blend and flow with the force of the attacker and, without much effort, are able to throw an attacker to the ground. In a similar vein, homeopathic medicines are chosen for their ability to match and mimic the symptoms of the sick person and thereby go with, rather than against, the body's effort to heal itself. It is thus understandable that Stewart Brand, editor of the Whole Earth Catalog, refers to homeopathy as "medical aikido." The law of similars may indeed have various applications, but its use in healing comprises the very basis of homeopathic medicine. And its use in healing makes clear and obvious sense: since symptoms are defenses of the body, it is logical to aid rather than suppress them.

The law of similars is not simply a philosophical construct but is a practical guide to prescribing a medicine which will heal. For example, Andrea, a 14 year old girl, woke up one morning with a sore throat. She said that she felt a lot of swelling and that there was a burning and stinging pain in her throat. Upon further questioning, it was discovered that warm food or drink aggravated the pain, while cold food or drink was soothing. Although she was drinking a bit, she wasn't at all thirsty. She was tearful and even whiny. If one had access to any of the common homeopathic books, one would readily match her symptoms to that of bee venom (Apis mellifica). As it is widely known, bee venom causes swelling with burning, stinging pain. Further investigation of the toxicological properties of bee venom reveals all of Andrea's other symptoms.

Andrea then was given a very small, homeopathically prepared dose of bee venom and within hours she was feeling completely healthy. Prepared in this way, the homeopathic drug stimulates the appropriate defense response required for the healing.

The beauty of the law of similars is that it not only heals but encourages a respect for the body's wisdom. It teaches us to avoid therapies that suppress symptoms and to seek treatments that truly cure. And it reminds us that there are medicinals that can stimulate the immune and defense systems. The law of similars is one of nature's laws that, when used well, can be one of our highest technologies.

The Importance of Individualization

It is remarkable that people commonly assume that their headache, stomachache, or depression is just like everyone else's. They then assume that they need to take the same drug as others to achieve a cure.

When one talks in depth with several people who have headaches, it becomes apparent that there are obvious differences between them. One person hurts in the front part of the head, another hurts in the back part. One person has it worse on the left, another on the right. One person says it worsens when moving, another says when lying down. One person likes putting a heating pad on his head, while another prefers an ice pack.

Upon further questioning one discovers that some people with headaches have accompanying digestive problems, while others have dizziness, others have a sore throat, and still others have a backache.

The way homeopaths learn what a homeopathic medicine will cure is through the use of experiments called "drug provings". In these homeopathic drug trials, researchers administer continual doses of a substance to a healthy individual* until a reaction to the substance is achieved.** The subject is asked to keep detailed record books of symptoms; additional symptoms are discovered through an interview process. The subject is encouraged to stop ingesting the substance once any particularly discomforting symptom manifests.
[* Only healthy individuals are used in these experiments. Symptoms experienced by ill people would not be as trustworthy since it would be uncertain if the symptoms were the result of the substance or a part of the disease process.]
[** Provings are usually conducted with the potentized dose of a substance, though the crude dose is also tested. Not all people react to the repeated ingestion of microdoses of every substance. Certain people seem to be particularly sensitive to individual medicines.]

Once it is known what symptoms a substance causes, it then is known what it will influence and cure when given in extremely small, specially prepared doses. The information obtained from these drug trials are compiled into materia medicas (encyclopedias of drug effects) and repertories (books which list symptoms and the substances that have been found to cause and/or cure them).

For technology-minded people, it is obvious that homeopathy is a perfect system for computerization, and in fact, there are several good computer programs now available for the practicing homeopath (See Resources in Part III). The various programs are different, but, basically, one lists the patient's symptoms, and the computer seeks and finds medicines which can cause (and cure) the majority of these symptoms. Although this may sound relatively easy, it should be noted that finding the correct medicine involves more art and judgment than simply looking for a medicine that covers the most symptoms. Ultimately, one seeks to find the medicine that matches the overall picture, not just the parts, of the person. The computer then is not a panacea to homeopathic prescribing, but it is a very useful tool.

Although at present there are no programs for the general public interested in treating themselves and their families, it is probable that they soon will become available.

It is inevitable that some people who become interested in homeopathy will seek to find the homeopathic medicine for specific diseases. They will want to know what medicine is good for headaches, arthritis, premenstrual conditions, insomnia, or a host of other conditions. Homeopathy is actually too scientific for one to assume that there is a single medicine appropriate for everyone. In homeopathy it is essential that the medicine be individually prescribed for the sick person.

There are, of course, some medicines which are more commonly given for certain conditions than others. And some homeopathic medicines are given so often for certain conditions that some people come to view them as "for" that problem. However, it is always possible that a sick individual doesn't have the symptoms that fit a commonly given medicine, and because of this, another medicine is required. It is therefore helpful to take a person's case in great detail in order to be able to give not just an approximate medicine but an individually chosen one.

Anyone who has gone to a homeopathic practitioner knows that he or she asks many questions about the person's chief complaint, minor complaints, and various other physical and psychological symptoms. Homeopaths take pride in their serious interest in and use of the idiosyncratic characteristics of each person. Among the questions that homeopaths commonly ask, include: Is there time of the day you feel best or worst or that any specific symptom occurs? How does weather affect you? How do you feel at the seashore or in the mountains? Are there any foods that you crave or to which feel adverse?

Skeptics of homeopathy tend to describe the homeopath's interest in the unique symptoms of the person as evidence that this system is quirky and illogical. And yet, once again, it is now readily accepted in modern science that virtually every organ and enzyme of the body has its own daily rhythm and time of day when it becomes particularly active or inactive. It is now known that the geothermal changes can affect brain chemistry and affect physical and psychological states. It is now understood that there are increased negative ions at seashores and mountains which can affect states of health. And it is now recognized that food cravings or aversions may signal certain metabolic states.

Obviously, homeopathy is not a quirky system. It is a highly sophisticated method of individualizing small doses of medicines to a person. And the more we begin to understand its principles and methodology, the more we will begin to understand the various subtleties of the human body which presently elude our comprehension.

Summary and Conclusion

Homeopathy is a sophisticated medical science which individualizes a substance based on the totality of a person's symptoms. A person's unique pattern of symptoms, his/her headache, stomachache, constipation, low energy in the morning, sensitivity to cold, irritability at the slightest cause, and fear of heights are all interrelated. No matter what the individual symptoms are, they are recognized as primarily an intrinsic effort of the organism to adapt to and deal with various internal or external stresses. Methods that simply suppress, control, or manage symptoms should be avoided since such therapies compromise the innate tendency of the organism to defend and heal itself. The side effects which these suppressive treatments cause are actually direct effects of the treatment. Homeopathic medicines, on the other hand, are prescribed to aid the organism in its highly sophisticated efforts to heal. Inherent in the homeopathic approach is a basic respect for the body's wisdom; it is thus no wonder that it is a safer medicine.

At a time in our civilization when it is essential to develop practices that strengthen the immune and defense system, homeopathic medicine is quite naturally gaining popularity. Homeopathy embodies the characteristics of a medical science one could hope and dream for in the 21st century...and the best news is that we do not have to wait until the 21st century to draw upon of its benefits.

Homeopathic Cure and Prevention of Dengue Fever

Dengue fever

Dengue fever is systemic disease caused by one of four sero-types of virus from the genus Flavivirus, which also includes the pathogens responsible for yellow fever and Japanese encephalitis.

The first known cases of dengue fever occurred in Batavia in 1779, and Benjamin Rush, a prominent American Revolutionary War physician and signer of the Declaration of Independence gave the first detailed description of the disease when it caused an epidemic in Philadelphia in 1780.

Dengue most often manifests itself with the sudden onset of the fever five to eight days after a bite from one of several species of Aedes mosquito, including A. aegyptii, A. albopictus, and A. scutellaris.

After two to four days of headache, fever, and muscle aches, the disease eases for 12 to 48 hours before returning with a skin rash, chills, swollen and reddened eyes, and the severe joint pains that caused Rush to name it “break bone fever,” an eponym that remains in use. Dengue fever is usually benign and self limited, but a small number of cases will progress to the hemorrhagic form, in which bleeding from multiple organs and mucosal surfaces occurs and for which the mortality is about 5 percent. No vaccine is available for dengue, and there is no effective treatment. Because the mosquitoes that transmit the disease are day-biting, mosquito netting is of limited usefulness, and the only effective means of control has been to eliminate the Aedes vectors.

Dengue carrier

Aedes mosquitoes are the carrier of Dengue viruses. These mosquitoes can be easily distinguished as it is larger in size and have black and white stripes on its body, so it is sometimes called tiger mosquitoes. They usually bite during the day time. They bread in artificial accumulation of fresh water, such as broken bottles and tins, flower pots, coconut shell, tree holes etc.

Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Symptoms, which usually begin four to six days after infection and last for up to 10 days, may include

  • Sudden, high fever
  • Severe headaches
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Severe joint and muscle pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Skin rash, which appears three to four days after the onset of fever
  • Mild bleeding (such a nose bleed, bleeding gums, or easy bruising)

Sometimes symptoms are mild and can be mistaken for those of the flu or another viral infection. Younger children and people who have never had the infection before tend to have milder cases than older children and adults. However, serious problems can develop. These include dengue hemorrhagic fever, a rare complication characterized by high fever, damage to lymph and blood vessels, bleeding from the nose and gums, enlargement of the liver, and failure of the circulatory system. The symptoms may progress to massive bleeding, shock, and death. This is called dengue shock syndrome (DSS).

People with weakened immune systems as well as those with a second or subsequent dengue infection are believed to be at greater risk for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever.

Symptoms and Signs of Dengue fever

Dengue fever is characterized by acute onset of high fever, frontal headache, retro-orbital pain, myalgia, arthralgias, nausea, vomiting, and often maculopapular rash and hemorrhagic manifestations.

Severity ranges from asymptomatic infections to fatal hypotensive and hemorrhagic disease. Hemorrhagic manifestations are usually skin hemorrhages (i.e., petechiae, Purpura, or ecchymoses), but may also include epistaxis bleeding gums, haematemesis, and melaena.

The acute phase of illness lasts approximately a week, whereas convalescence, characterized by weakness, malaise, and anorexia, may last 1-2 weeks. DHF may initially resemble dengue fever. As fever subsides, thrombocytopenia and hemoconcentration due to vascular plasma leakage may develop, resulting in circulatory failure and severe hemorrhage. Warning signs for Dengue Shock Syndrome include severe abdominal pain, protracted vomiting, marked temperature change (from fever to hypothermia), or change in mental status (irritability or obtundation). DSS, which can lead to profound shock and death, can develop rapidly. Early signs include cold clammy skin, restlessness, rapid weak pulse, narrowing of pulse pressure, or hypotension. DHF and DSS can occur in both children and adults.

Diagnosis of dengue fever

Dengue fever can be effectively ruled out if the patient has not been in a dengue endemic area, if symptoms have started more than 2 weeks after the patient left a dengue-endemic area, of if the fever lasts more than 2 weeks. Monitoring of blood pressure, hematocrit, platelet count, hemorrhagic manifestation, urinary output, and level of consciousness is crucial for early diagnosis and to guide treatment. The patient’s deterioration between 3 and 6 days of illness, and the relationship of de-fervescene in conjunction with thrombocytopenia and plasma leakage are highly suggestive of DHF/DSS. Only virus isolation or specific antibody detection can provide unequivocal dengue diagnosis.

Virus isolation is most often successful in serum specimens taken within 5 days after onset of symptoms and stored on dry ice, or, if to be delivered within 1 week, unfrozen in a refrigerator. For antibody detection, a serum sample taken 6 or more days after onset of symptoms is adequate (no refrigeration is required if the sample is delivered overnight).

Treatment of dengue fever

A major problem associated with dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome is the severe increase of vascular permeability, resulting in the loss of up to 20% of plasma volume from the vascular compartments. This plasma leakage often leads to shock, and under some conditions, to death. Early detection of this state and quick replacement of body fluid with electrolyte solutions can reverse DSS quite effectively.

In the case of DHF, where high body temperature is also a concern, regulated doses of paracetamol (Tylenol) are a useful treatment.

Dengue shock syndrome patients need to be closely observed for the onset of shock. Determination of hematocrit (the percent of whole blood composed of red blood cells) is important. It should be determined daily from the third day of illness. If determination of hematocrit is not possible then hemoglobin levels should be determined accurately.

In DSS the state of shock is a medical emergency. The patient should be immediately given plasma replacement and then methodically checked. Because of the large volume of fluid replacement there might be a drop in hematocrit toward the later part of the treatment, but that should not be interpreted as sign of internal hemorrhage, particularly if the patient has a strong pulse and correct blood pressure.

Restlessness is often a major problem in children with DSS. Use of sedatives to help these children sleep can provide symptomatic relief. But long acting sedatives should be avoided.

Oxygen might be required to treat patients in shock but it should be managed carefully by competent nurses.

If there are patients with a significant amount of bleeding, blood transfusions might be required. Internal bleeding may be difficult to detect. A sharp drop of hematocrit with no signs of improvements in spite of adequate fluid replacement indicates significant internal bleeding.

Homeopathic treatment of dengue fever - Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat dengue fever but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to cure dengue fever symptoms that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person.

Depression and how Homoeopathy can help?

WHAT IS DEPRESSION?

Depression is a medical Illness that affects the body, mood, and thoughts and not just a feeling of hopelessness. It's more then just feeling sad. World Health Organization regards it as the Third Most Common Illness in the World after Infectious diseases & Heart disease.

Depression can strike anyone regardless of age, ethnic background, socioeconomic status, or gender. It affects both men and women however; large scale research studies have found that depression is about twice as common in women as in men. It seems likely that men suffer from depression just as often as women, but that they are less likely to ask for help.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF DEPRESSION?
Biological causes: It has been found that those with a family history of depression are more at risk of having it than others. The decreased level of certain neurotransmitters, NORADRENALINE & SEROTONIN has also been related to feeling sad and low.

Environmental factors: Other than inherent causes, external factors have also been found to be related to depression.

Following types of personality traits predispose to depressive illness.

  • Very ambitious
  • Anxious
  • Obsessive/perfectionist
  • Setting very high standards for self

Persons having above traits/attitudes are more likely to experience depressive episodes in their lives as compared to people who don't have such type of personality.

Role of stressful events: A lot of stressful life events like death/divorce/disease predispose to depression. Single people are more prone to depression than couples.Interpersonal relationships matter a lot - good relations with the friends / spouse / siblings have a positive effect in preventing depression.

Co-existence with Diseases: People with life threatening diseases, HIV, alcoholics have been found to be predisposed to depression.

DEPRESSION IN MEN: SIDE EFFECT OF "MACHO SYNDROME"
We still do not know if depression is truly less common among men, or if men are just less likely than women to recognize, acknowledge, and seek help for depression.

Ever since a man is born he learns that "Boys don't cry; they are stronger than the fairer sex". As he grows up he takes the same from his family, friends and society, thus though at times he may feel sad and hopeless he never acknowledges his symptoms. Men may be more willing to acknowledge fatigue, irritability, loss of interest in work or hobbies, and sleep disturbances rather than feelings of sadness, worthlessness, and excessive guilt. Compared with women, they tend to be far more concerned with being competitive, powerful and successful. Most men don't like to admit that they feel fragile or vulnerable, and so are less likely to talk about their feelings with their friends, loved ones or their doctors. They are concerned that seeing a mental health professional or going to a mental health clinic would have a negative impact at work if their employer or colleagues found out. They feared that being labeled with a diagnosis of mental illness would cost them the respect of their family and friends, or their standing in the community. This may be the reason that they often don't ask for help when they become depressed.

DISGUISED DEPRESSION??
Depression can present itself in so many ways, it affects the way one eats and sleeps. It affects how one thinks about situations and one's self perception. Men don't easily correlate these symptoms with depression but if interrogated individually they will acknowledge these symptoms.

Some of the commonly found symptoms are:

  • Persistent sad, anxious, or "empty" mood.
  • Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism.
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness.
  • Decreased energy, fatigue; feeling 'slowed down."
  • Lapses in personal hygiene, such as not bathing or shaving as regularly
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions.
  • Trouble sleeping, early morning awakening, or oversleeping.
  • Changes in appetite and/or weight.
  • Thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts.
  • Restlessness or irritability.
  • Persistent physical symptoms, such as headaches, digestive disorders, and chronic pain that do not respond to routine treatment.

A QUICK CHECKLIST

  • Do you feel that you are performing less well at work?
  • Has your spouse complained that you seem unusually quiet, you are communicating less than you used to do?
  • Do you feel you're worrying about things more than usual?
  • Has someone told you that get irritated more than you used to?
  • Do you feel that these days you complain more about vague physical problems?

If your answer to the above questions is "Yes" then wake up; you are suffering from disguised depression. Talk to your friends or family doctor about it.

WHOM TO APPROACH
Many men with depression do not obtain adequate diagnosis and treatment that may be life saving. Family members, friends, and employee assistance professionals in the workplace also can play important roles in recognizing depressive symptoms in men and helping them get treatment. If you recognize yourself as depressed, don't loose hope, you can contact any of the following for better advice:

  • Family doctors
  • Mental health specialists, such as psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, or mental health counselors
  • Religious leaders/counselors
  • Health maintenance organizations
  • Community mental health centers
  • Hospital psychiatry departments and outpatient clinics or Private clinics.
  • University or medical school affiliated programs
  • Social service agencies
  • Employee assistance programs

COPING WITH DEPRESSION
Depressive disorders can make one feel exhausted, worthless, helpless, and hopeless. It is important to realize that these negative views are part of the depression and do not accurately reflect the actual circumstances. Negative thinking fades as treatment begins to take effect. In the meantime:

  • Engage in mild exercise. Go to a movie, a ballgame, or participate in religious, social, or other activities.
  • Set realistic goals and assume a reasonable amount of responsibility.
  • Break large tasks into small ones, set some priorities, and do what you can as you can.
  • Try to be with other people and to confide in someone; it is usually better than being alone and secretive.
  • Participate in activities that may make you feel better.
  • Expect your mood to improve gradually, not immediately. Feeling better takes time. Often during treatment of depression, sleep and appetite will begin to improve before depressed mood lifts.
  • Postpone important decisions. Before deciding to make significant transition - change jobs, get married or divorced - discuss it with others who know you well and have a more objective view of your situation.
  • Do not expect to 'snap out of" a depression. But do expect to feel a little better day by day.
  • Remember, positive thinking will replace the negative thinking as your depression responds to treatment.
  • Let your family and friends help you.

FOR FAMILY AND FRIENDS
If your dad, brother, husband or friend shows the above "blues" don't panic.

  • Give them your unconditional love and support. This involves understanding, patience, affection, and encouragement. They need this more than their medicines.
  • Engage him in conversation and listen carefully. Do not disparage the feelings he may express, but point out realities and offer hope.
  • Invite him for walks, outings, to the movies, and other activities. Be gently insistent if your invitation is refused.
  • Encourage participation in some activities that once gave pleasure, such as hobbies, sports, religious or cultural activities, but do not push him to undertake too much too soon. The depressed person needs diversion and company, but too many demands can increase feelings of failure.
  • Do not accuse the depressed person of laziness or of faking illness, or expect him "to snap out of it." Eventually, with treatment, most people do get better. Keep that in mind, and keep reassuring him that, with time and help, he will feel better.
  • Try to talk to them that depression is a common illness among men and is nothing to be ashamed about. Encourage him to see a doctor to determine the cause of his symptoms and obtain appropriate treatment.

TREATING DEPRESSION
Instead of acknowledging their feelings, asking for help, or seeking appropriate treatment, men may turn to alcohol or drugs when they are depressed, or become frustrated, discouraged, angry, irritable, and, sometimes, violently abusive. Some men deal with depression by throwing themselves compulsively into their work, attempting to hide their depression from themselves, family, and friends. Other men may respond to depression by engaging in reckless behavior, taking risks, and putting themselves in harm's way.

Early diagnosis and treatment, accurate evaluation of suicidal thinking, and limitations on young people's access to lethal agents ­including firearms and medications ­may hold the greatest suicide prevention value.

Medications
There are several types of medications used to treat depression. These include newer antidepressant medications - chiefly the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) - and older ones, the tricyclics and the monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). The SSRIs (and other newer medications that affect neurotransmitters such as dopamine or norepinephrine) generally have fewer side effects than tricyclics. Alcohol ­including wine, beer, and hard liquor­ street drugs may reduce the effectiveness of antidepressants and should be avoided.

Psychotherapies
Several forms of psychotherapy, including some short term (10-20 weeks) therapies, can help people with depressive disorders. Two of the short term psychotherapies that research has shown to be effective for depression are cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy (IPT).

Cognitive behavioral therapists help patients change the negative thinking and behavior patterns that contribute to, or result from, depression. Through verbal exchange with the therapist, as well as 'homework' assignments between therapy sessions, CBT helps patients understand their depression and resolve problems related to it.

Interpersonal therapists help patients work through disturbed personal relationships that may be contributing to or worsening their depression. Psychotherapy is offered by a variety of licensed mental health providers, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and mental health counselors.

Electroconvulsive Therapy
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is another treatment option that may be particularly useful for individuals whose depression is severe or life threatening, or who cannot take antidepressant medication. ECT often is effective in cases where antidepressant medications do not provide sufficient relief of symptoms.

Herbal Therapy
In the past several years, there has been an increase in public interest in the use of herbs for the treatment of both depression and anxiety. The extract from St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum), a wild growing plant with yellow flowers, has been used extensively in Europe as a treatment for mild to moderate depression.

Homeopathic Treatment
Some homeopathic medicines have been found to be highly effective in cases of depression when given on the basis of their symptoms:

  • Aurum-met
  • Lycopodium
  • Natrum-mur
  • Nux-vomica
  • Carcinosin
  • Staphysagria

Depression is a real illness; it is treatable; and men can have it. It takes courage to ask for help, but help can make all the difference.

Tonsillitis can be treated in Homoeopathy

Homeopathy treatment of tonsillitis is time-tested and has proven to be useful in most cases. In one of the research studies conducted on 107 patients of acute tonsillitis, all the cases were treated with Homeopathic remedies (Phytolacca americana, Guajacum officinale, Capsicum annuum) and no antibiotics were used. In as less as two and a half days after starting treatment, a significant reduction in the symptoms of acute tonsillitis was seen in the patients. No serious side effects were reported at all in any of the cases. The treatment had been prescribed after taking into account objective as well as subjective symptoms of the patients. This study thus concluded that acute tonsillitis can be successfully treated with Homeopathy. It also clinically proved the immune-modulatory, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory properties of homeopathic remedies.

At Dr. shelly, we have been treating cases of tonsillitis (acute, chronic, recurrent) for 35 years now and have had good response in most cases. Thousands of cases that have been treated at Dr. Batra's have reported freedom from the recurrent attacks of tonsillitis and have been saved from surgery for the same.

Homeopathic treatment targets the root cause of the ailment and reduces the tendency of the patient to fall prey to frequent attacks of tonsillitis. It improves the immunity of the patient and thus provides long term benefits rather than simply controlling the acute infection as happens with conventional medicines. Thus patients of tonsillitis who opt for timely and regular homeopathic treatment have a reduced need for antibiotics or may even be able to avoid the same completely.

Regular treatment with homeopathic medicines ensures that the patient gets lesser attacks of tonsillitis and even when they do occur, they are not as severe and are easily controlled with proper medication. The good part about Homeopathy treatment is that it is without any side effects and thus is completely safe and non-toxic. For effective and safe solution to acute, chronic or recurrent tonsillitis, Homeopathy is indeed the best.

Diagnosis of Tonsillitis
Diagnosis of tonsillitis can easily be made by the treating physician based on the history given by the patient and the findings on examination. Examination of the throat in tonsillitis reveals:

Redness and swelling of the tonsils
Pus pockets on the tonsils
Discharge from the tonsils
In case of peritonsillar abscess, there may be a shift of the involved tonsil towards the center of the throat. The uvula may be shifted towards the opposite side (away from the affected tonsil).
The treating physician may order certain tests that will confirm the diagnosis of tonsillitis. These tests include:

Throat swab: This is used to get a sample of the secretion from the back of the throat. The sample is then checked in a laboratory for the presence of bacteria.
Blood tests: This primarily includes a complete blood count (CBC) which is done to confirm the presence of infection.

10 ways to gain weight fast

How to gain weight: People may be underweight due to various reasons

Inadequate feeding habits, prolonged meal time gaps, poor selection of foods, increased physical activity without increasing the food intake can lead to energy deficit, are a few of the major reasons for being underweight. Other reasons can be malabsorption due to prolonged illness, diseases such as tuberculosis, cancer, hormonal imbalances (hyperthyroidism) and eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia.

How to gain weight: Healthy weight gain

Gradual weight gain is always advisable. An increase in 500 kcal per day can result in increasing the body weight by 0.5 kgs per week. Objective should be to restore a desirable weight/ ideal body weight according to one's age, gender and height. To rebuild body tissues, to maintain a good nutritional status and to maintain ideal body weight are a few reasons why healthy weight gain is important.

How to gain weight: Exercise

If you're indulging where food's concerned, beware of the inevitable skinny person's paunch. No matter what your skinny status, as you grow older, you will develop an unsightly paunch. To avoid this, you must endeavour to maintain a toned body. For this, exercise is essential. Participate in a balanced mix of cardio, weight training, and flexibility exercises every day.

How to gain weight: Lift weights for lean mass

If you haven't figured it out already, you're going to be doing some heavy lifting in order to put on lean mass. The foundation of your routine should be the big compound lifts: Squats, deadlifts, presses (bench and overhead), pull-ups, rows, dips, snatches, power cleans, clean and jerks. These engage multiple muscles while triggering your hormonal response systems.

How to gain weight: Exercises for beginners

A

Squat 5x5

Pull-ups 5xFailure (add weight if "Failure" is becoming more than 12 reps)

Overhead Press 5x5

B

Squat 5x5

Deadlift 1/2/3x5 (your choice; deadlifts can be incredibly taxing, and with exhaustion comes poor form, so be careful; sometimes it's better to do a really heavy load for a single set)

Bench Press 5x5

C

Squat 5x5

Pull-ups 5xFailure

Overhead Press 5x5

Do this sequence every week (maybe Monday, Wednesday, Friday) and steadily increase the weight each session. Once you're making progress, feel free to add in other exercises like dips or more Olympic lifts.

How to gain weight: Healthy diet

You may take dietary supplement, but you need a balanced diet more. You need the right amount of protein, carbs and fats. Help yourself to nuts and dairy products. Protein is the key for muscle building; this will help you gain weight.

How to gain weight: Healthy heart and weight gain diet
f you want to gain weight, you need to build an appetite; and while this might be a tad non-traditional, you can rely on wine as a hunger stimulant. A small glass of wine before your evening meal will help you appreciate your food a whole lot more. Also, avoid drinking water before meals and in between meals, you don't want to ruin your appetite.

How to gain weight: Eat less

If you eat in between meals, cut it out. They say you should eat three large meals or five to six small meals in a day. Eating less is more. Choose food with nutritional calories and increase intake of starchy foods like potatoes. Remember, the more junk food you eat, the more you deprive your body of healthy nutrients. A thin person who gorges on junk food will suffer the same unhealthy consequences as an obese person with poor eating habits.

How to gain weight: Indulge the right way

Often times, well meaning folks will tell you to eat cakes and other sugar-heavy desserts in order to help you gain weight. While normally this strategy works perfectly for some, for others it could just lead to visceral fat - a state of being skinny fat. Skinny fat essentially means that a person appears skinny on the outside, but has fat accumulated in the wrong places (around vital organs) on the inside. Besides, sugar-heavy foods deplete your body of whatever little nutrients it might be getting from other foods.

How to gain weight: Eat lots and lots of healthy vegetables and meat

Add pistachios or roasted channa to your diet. Make them your evening munchies, as they help you lower risk of heart disease. Other snack ideas include whole wheat or multi grain bread/ soy sticks with hummus or peanut butter. Opt for salsa dips and chutneys as they are high on fibre and very healthy. How to Gain Weight: Increase liquid intake
You are going to have to eat far more than before if you want to gain weight. Since body composition is 80% diet, you are going to have to stuff yourself. You need to provide lots and lots of proteins for those hormones to synthesize.

How to gain weight: Eat healthy fats

Eat plenty of healthy fats. Eat your egg yolks, meat with animal fat, coconut oil, and other healthy fats. Increase caloric intake - of the healthy kind ofcourse. So those bananas count well here.

Homoeopathic Remedies for Headaches

A migraine is a severe, painful headache that is often preceded or accompanied by sensory warning signs such as flashes of light, blind spots, tingling in the arms and legs, nausea, vomiting, and increased sensitivity to light and sound. The excruciating pain that migraines bring can last for hours or even days.

Migraine headaches result from a combination of blood vessel enlargement and the release of chemicals from nerve fibers that coil around these blood vessels. During the headache, an artery enlarges that is located on the outside of the skull just under the skin of the temple (temporal artery). This causes a release of chemicals that cause inflammation, pain, and further enlargement of the artery.

A migraine headache causes the sympathetic nervous system to respond with feelings of nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. This response also delays the emptying of the stomach into the small intestine (affecting food absorption), decreases blood circulation (leading to cold hands and feet), and increases sensitivity to light and sound.

More than 28 million Americans suffer from migraine headaches, and females are much more likely to get them than males.

Childhood migraines linked to behavioral problems - researchers from the Glia Institute, Sao Paulo, Brazil and the Einstein College of Medicine, New York, USA, found that kids with migraines are much more likely to also have behavioral problems, such as attention issues, anxiety, and depression, compared to children who never have migraines.

Brain lesions and migraine link - women who suffer from migraines have a greater risk of having deep white matter hyperintensities (brain lesions) compared to other women, researchers from Leiden University Medical Center, the Netherlands, reported in JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) (November 2012). They added that migraine severity, frequency and how long they had been going on for were not associated with the progression of lesions.

Incomplete artery brain structure cause of migraines - researchers from the University of Pennsylvania reported in PLoS ONE that an incomplete network of arteries that supply the brain with blood may contribute to migraine headache risk. Variations in the arteries may result inconsistent blood flow, causing migraines.


What causes migraines?

Some people who suffer from migraines can clearly identify triggers or factors that cause the headaches, but many cannot. Potential migraine triggers include:
Allergies and allergic reactions

Bright lights, loud noises, and certain odors or perfumes

Physical or emotional stress

Changes in sleep patterns or irregular sleep

Smoking or exposure to smoke

Skipping meals or fasting

Alcohol

Menstrual cycle fluctuations, birth control pills, hormone fluctuations during menopause onset

Tension headaches

Foods containing tyramine (red wine, aged cheese, smoked fish, chicken livers, figs, and some beans), monosodium glutamate (MSG), or nitrates (like bacon, hot dogs, and salami)

Other foods such as chocolate, nuts, peanut butter, avocado, banana, citrus, onions, dairy products, and fermented or pickled foods.

Homeopathic Remedy Guide for Headaches and Migraine Disease

Remedy / Symptom Indications:
Arnica / Headaches resulting from head trauma.

Belladona / Right-sided headaches and migraine. Associated symptoms include throbbing pain, reddened or hot skin, cold feet and hands.

Bryonia alba / Remedy for pulsating throbbing centralized near or into the left eye. Symptoms include early morning headaches and dry mouth, disturbed by noise and movement.

China / Headaches resulting from dehydration, weakness or anemia.

Cimicifuga / Migraine and throbbing headache. Symptoms include headache associated with the menstrual period, stiff neck pain, and feelings of gloom or despair.

Cocculus indicus / Headaches or Migraine resulting from worrisome behavior or insomnia. Symptoms include dizziness, nausea, and vomiting.

Cyclamen / Migraine associated with dizziness, blurred or dimmed vision, or eye spasm. Symptoms include earache, dry mouth or thirst, and weakness. Sensitivity to cold or open air. Emotional upsets.

Gelsemium / Symptoms include headache associated with blurred vision, sensation of tight band or vise clamped around skull, frequent urination, and difficulty holding head straight or opening eyes.

Ignatia amara / Ice pick headaches and stress headaches. Symptoms include back or muscle spasms and feelings of grief, disappointment, or sadness.

Iris versicolor / Treats headaches or migraine that typically comes during the weekend or during rest periods. Remedy for Migraine with aura.

Lachesis / Left-sided Migraine. Symptoms include congestion, hot flashes, flushed or blotchy skin, and heat intolerance.

Natrium muriaticum / Treats pounding headache pain. Relieves stress-headaches related to eyestrain, too much sun, grief, disappointment, or sadness.

Nux vomica / Treats tension headaches, hangovers, toxic headaches from noise or scents.

Ranunculus bulbosis / Treats headaches triggered by weather change (specifically before storm occurs).

Sanguinaria canadensis / Remedy for headaches that are centralized into the right eye. Symptoms include eyestrain, vomiting, and sharp or splitting head pain.

Sepia / Treats headache centralized in left forehead or above left eye. Symptoms include nausea and vomiting.

Spigelia / Left-sided headaches. Symptoms include heart palpitations or other heart issues, stiff neck and shoulders.

Avoiding Examination Blues

One of the most common problem with students is getting health related problems during exam time. Students complain stomach aches, loos motions, headaches, lack of sleep and weakness during exams.

Today we are sharing some tips on avoiding these troubles. These are the top questions students and parents ask us.

Q.1 What kind of a diet we should take during exams?

A balanced diet will boost your energy. A wholesome Breakfast is vital for a healthy mind. Do not skip Breakfast ever. A good breakfast is a mixture of complex carbohydrate sources like whole grain cereals -wheat . jowar , bajra ,fruits, vegetables- potaoes, sweet potatoes. Proteins like Milk and milk products ,soya tofu , beans, egg, fish, chicken, nuts is essential for good brain functioning . If your child is anemic , give your child iron rich diet like lots of greens and jaggery Munch a fruit in every small break. Increase your fluid intake , it helps to flush toxins. It is good to take Herbal tea rather than coffee or regular tea .Healthy drinks like lassi,lemon juice, coconut water are great nourishers.

Q.2 What Should we avoid?

Avoid stimulants like caffeine (coffee and tea ) as it produces nervousness in reaction. Do not skip breakfast or any meals. Avoid heavy meals or fried foods as they make child feel drowsy. Take control of munching esp oily& junk foods as they make you gain weight and don't provide adequate nutrition . So stay away from junk food and fizzy drinks .Do not study at a stretch, take a few minutes break after every couple of hours.

Q3. How should we Revise?

Make studying a part of your everyday school routine and don't be limited to 'cramming' for exams and tests .Establish a routine.Set aside a particular time each day for study and revision and stick to it. Create a study environment away from interruptions and household noise, such as the television. Ensure there is adequate lighting and ventilation, a comfortable chair and an appropriate desk. Set a timetable to cover all your subjects in an organized way, allotting the appropriate time for each subject. Avoid interrupting your concentration. Have all the appropriate materials with you before you start a session of study to minimize distractions. Test yourself on what you have studied
Ask your parents or family members to quiz you on what you have learnt, use draft questions from books, past assessments or major exam papers. Ask your teachers for guidance.

Q4. Some Important tips you would like to give us?

Look after yourself. Drink plenty of fluids, especially water and eat healthy foods. Keep sugary foods to a minimum. Make sure you get enough sleep each night. Regular physical exercise makes you feel great, boosts your energy and helps you relax. So try to keep up regular sporting activities or at least fit in some regular exercise as often as you can.

Reward yourself for studying - Watch your favourite television program, spend time with your friends, walk to the park and play sport .

Don't panic at exam time. Be positive. Try to keep yourself calm, positive and confident.

If Anxiety or stress struggles continue, talk them over with your doctor. Do not worry about your results. Give your best shots and move over.

An examination may be one thing students dread. Just by hearing the announcement about an upcoming test could make them cringe, particularly those who don't study enough. Keep in mind, though, that tests and exams are designed to master the students' understanding with the material. If they use test-taking skills wisely and become confident, they will do well on the exams.

Read Upcoming Exams in a Syllabus

In colleges, syllabuses are handed out to students. Those documents contain more than the professor's contact information and the course overview; dates of major tests and assignments are included as well. Students should become acquainted with the syllabus during the fresh start of a new semester. They should be aware of vital test dates and other assignments that worth a good percentage of the final grade for the semester.

Write Down Test Dates

One key way to handle reminders of upcoming exams is to maintain a school planner. High school planners are usually given to students before their first day of classes, so they can already study them. College planners can be purchased at college bookstores or student government offices. As the teacher announces the test dates, the students can go ahead and jot them in their planners.

Study and Prepare

Preparation on the day before an exam may have a toll on a student's performance during the test. This includes not having enough rest, eating habits, and, of course, waiting until the last minute to study. Those are common problems that affect the test grades for the students. Students should cover the material that will be on the test every day. Even before the day of the big test, students should review and quiz themselves by making flash cards or having friends ask questions. Tutors are helpful as well, and they can be summoned from the students' schools.

After studying, they should get a good night's sleep, preferably consisting between seven to eight hours. In the morning of the test, a good breakfast will help those students start the day right. An ideal breakfast can include fruit, a bowl of cereal without too much sugar, and orange juice.

Take the Test Carefully

Students need to arrive at their test-taking sites prepared and ready to go. They should have already brought all the things needed for their tests. Number two pencils, a pen, and scratch paper are usually used for any tests. If calculators are required, students should make sure they are working properly. When the test begins, they need to read all directions, questions, and answers carefully. If they is not unsure of an answer, it is best to move one to avoid the waste of test time. Once the test is completed, those students can then relax.

All of these important steps will not only help students do well in tests, but will enable them to gain confidence about them. Of course, they won't do well if they don't become prepared. All it takes is studying the right way without procrastination.

Effectiveness of Homeopathy in Diabetes Management

Everyone knows that Homopathy is famous for finding out the root cause of the disease. Therefore, homeopathy plays an important role in the management of many deep-rooted and chronic diseases such as Diabetes. It is clear that diabetes cannot be cured completely but can be controlled effectively. It is found that people with diabetes can lead a healthy life if their blood glucose level is under control.

Homeopathic medicines help in maintaining the levels of sugar, protein and fat metabolism and also help in preventing further progress and hence complications of the disease. It effectively reduces the risks associated with the disease to the bare minimum. Strict restrictions in diet and regular exercising, especially jogging or walking, are a must in diabetes management. In diabetes, people suffer from obesity, blood pressure etc. This can also be cured using homeopathic medication. The further complications that are caused due to diabetes can also be overcome using homeopathy. The disease should be treated using homeopathy in the initial stages to get the effective results. Non-healing diabetic ulcers can also be cured using homeopathy. In older people, sometimes, the medicines stop working and they have to go for stronger medications. In such cases, constitutional homoeopathic remedies can be used to obtain effective results. Homeopathy improves the life of a diabetic patient to a greater extent.

There are three types of diabetes

Type I - occurs when the pancreas produces very little insulin or non at all. The body needs insulin to use sugar for energy. Approximately 10 percent of people with diabetes, mostly children and young adults, have Type I diabetes.

Type II - occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body does not use the insulin produced effectively. Ninety percent of people with diabetes have Type II, including an increasing number of children.

Gestational - is a temporary condition that occurs during pregnancy. It affects two to four percent of all pregnancies with an increased risk of developing diabetes for both mother and child.
Syndrome X

Type II diabetes is often preceded by a set of symptoms called Syndrome X, which leads to insulin resistance.Among the signs of Syndrome X are feeling tired after you eat and other times when you shouldn't, gaining weight and having trouble losing it, and having blood pressure and cholesterol levels creep up over time. Syndrome X can be reversed through diet, exercise and getting the proper amount of nutrients such as Omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin E, vitamin C and Chromium.

Health Risks

Diabetes poses several serious health threats for its victims. It may lead to blindness, hypertension, depression, atherosclerosis, kidney failure, limb amputation, and more than doubles the risk for heart disease and stroke. Since so many people are not even aware that they have diabetes, treatment and lifestyle changes often come much too late. Some people actually have the disease for 5-10 years before they are diagnosed and by then irreversible tissue and organ damage may have taken place.
Natural Treatment

Certain vitamins and natural supplements have proven to be very effective in controlling diabetes. The most well-known and probably most popular of these is chromium. Clinical studies in diabetics have shown that supplementing the diet with chromium can decrease total cholesterol and triglyceride levels while increasing HDL-cholesterol levels, and lower body weight while increasing lead body mass. GTF (glucose tolerant factor) chromium proves to be the best form of chromium for diabetes because the body better tolerates it.

In addition to supplementing with chromium Dr. Andrew Weil, best selling author of numerous health books, recommends trying some traditional remedies to lower blood sugar, such as Gymnema sylvestre. This plant native to the tropical forests of India is also known as "sugar blocker" and according to recent scientific investigations, has upheld its effectiveness in treating both Type I and Type II diabetes.

Certain vitamins, minerals and natural nutrients also play an important role in controlling and preventing diabetes:

Magnesium - for enzyme systems and PH balance. Magnesium deficiency is very common in diabetics and magnesium may prevent some of the complication of diabetes such as retinopathy and heart disease.

Vitamin B6 - as the vitamin B6 levels inside the cells of the body appear to be intricately linked to the magnesium content of the cell. In other words, without the vitamin B6, magnesium will not get inside the cell and will, therefore, be useless.

Manganese - helps repair the pancreas and is a co-factor in key enzymes of glucose metabolism. Diabetics have been shown to have only one-half the manganese of healthy individuals.

Vitamin C - helps maintain vascular health and strengthen the immune system. And since the transport of vitamin C is facilitated by insulin, many diabetics are deficient of this crucial vitamin.

Vitamin E - helps improve circulation and insulin action and helps prevent the long-term complications of the disease.

Zinc - zinc deficiency has been associated with diabetes.

Omega-3 - diabetics are generally deficient of essential fatty acids or have an imbalance. Omega-3 has been shown to lower triglycerides.

Vitamin B12 - is necessary in the prevention of diabetic neuropathy.

Coenzyme Q10 - stimulates the production of insulin.

Digestive Enzymes - especially helpful when the pancreas is not functioning optimally.

Chelation Therapy - effective in preventing complications association with diabetes.

If you are over weight then you have tendency to get Diabetes in middle age so controlling your weight and fat around your waist area is extremely important. Our Homeopathic Treatment offers ever lasting results in reducing weight loss and increasing your BMR. You can call us at +91.9958972477 to discuss your problems.

Healthy foods for office goers to control weight

One of the main problems of people working in corporates is the lack of proper diet. The moment people wake up in the morning the rush starts to get ready and leave for office. In this hurry they never worry about making healthy meal for themselves. Eventually people rely on fast food we almost no nutritional value.

As an active person you may have every intention of eating healthy but you struggle because you do not know what to eat when and how much to eat.

As a result you tend to make poor nutritional choices that zap your energy levels, increase lethargy, results in acidity or unwanted weight gain. Keeping all this in mind, we have provided you with tips to help you eat right even if you are on the move.

The trick to eating healthy

One basic trick to win with nutrition is to prevent yourself from getting too hungry, conscious planning goes a long way in achieving this.

A few tips to manage a busy schedule.

MORNINGS

Within an hour of waking up kick start your metabolism by eating something. It can be a fruit or a few nuts like almonds, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds and walnuts. Nuts are a good source of fibre, healthy fats and proteins.

Breakfast:

Skipping breakfast makes it harder to maintain stable blood sugar levels and the effective functioning of your body and brain during your busy mornings. You can easily grab a hardboiled egg and an orange. For vegetarians, toast with peanut butter will give the right amount of proteins and carbohydrates.

Managing your daily Tea/Coffee:

Caffeine and Tannin inhibit our mental performance throughout the day, so replace it with Green Tea, which is loaded with antioxidants that provide a variety of health benefits such as boosting metabolism, working as a good digestive aid and preventing radical damage in your cells.

A good mid-morning snack would be a fruit or a glass of coconut water. One can also have a glass of buttermilk, as it is a good probiotic to aid in digestion and create good fauna in the gut by regulating the PH balance.

LUNCH

What you choose to eat for lunch, as well as the time you eat it, can have a big impact on your weight, well being and energy levels. Choose from a serving of idli with sambar, a whole-wheat subway, grilled veggies or chicken or tuna multi grain sandwich. While choosing a sandwich, try and go for the mint sauce since it's made with green chutney instead of mayonnaise. Also, opt for sauces like vinaigrette or a dash of barbeque. Avoid eating cheese.

MID MEALS

Eating every two hours ensures that your brain gets a regular flow of sugar, thereby avoiding fatigue, mood swings and sluggishness. Have protein rich snacks handy like almonds, peanuts, granola bars, low fat cheese and yogurt, pumpkin and sunflower seeds and chia seeds. A fistful of chana and peanuts can easily be carried to work, as they provide you with the necessary carbohydrates and proteins. Alternatively one can also drink a cup of skim milk, a protein share or kora khakras.

DINNER:

What most of us fail to realise is that the quality, quantity and timing of all our pre-dinner meals have a direct effect on our night time dining. Many of us tend to view dinner as a comfort meal wherein we can afford to indulge since the other meals during the day have been compromises. This is not the time to indulge, so eat a light dinner. A smart way to eat your dinner would be to eat veggies first, protein second and carbs last. Make sure your dinner is complete at least 2 hours before bedtime.

Everyone knows that health is wealth but no one cares about it until the problem starts and rely on quick remedies and medicines which does more damage. Why not make habit of eating healthy meals, it takes little effort but is totally worth it.

Nutritional Needs of Indian Children

There are different kinds of food needs- energy requirements & structural requirements.

1. Energy Requirements: The amount of energy needed in terms of calories varies from individual to individual & is dependant upon a number of variables, none of which can be considered independently but rather are part of a constellation. It differs with size. A large child requires more energy producing foods than a small child. It differs with the rate of activity of the body processes while at rest, i.e. with a basal metabolic rate. The faster the rate of basal metabolism, meaning the faster the heart beat, respiration etc. The greater the number of calories used in a given time & conversely, the lower the rate, the lower the number of calories needed.

The energy requirement differs too with the amount of voluntary activity. A very active child requires more calories per day than a quiet one. The same child will need more calories during a day of vigorous activities than during one of quiet activities.

Energy requirements differ also in accordance with the efficiency of the body in using foods. Some bodies are more economical in the use of foods than others. In some cases food is more easily digested & absorbed than in others. In all individuals some food value is lost in bowel elimination, but the amount varies considerably from child to child. Finally, the need for calories depends on the rate of growth. The fast growing child will need more calories than the slow growing child. During the periods of his life when the impetus to grow is more intense, infancy & early adolescence, the amount of energy required for growth will be greatest.

In proportion to their weight, children's food needs are greater than those of adults because of children's relatively greater basal metabolism, their tremendous activity & their growth. Boys generally catch up with their fathers in need for calories at 13 years & exceed them by 16 percent at 18. By 10 years of age girls already exceed their mothers by 11 % & at 13 by 16 % in their energy needs.

2. Structural Requirements: The structural requirement covers the need for materials which go to make up tissues & to regulate the functions of those tissues. The necessary food elements or nutrients are 40 in number. They include amino acids from proteins, at least one digestive product of carbohydrates (glucose), some unsaturated fatty acids or acids (derived from the digestion of fats), minerals & vitamins. The body needs all these in adequate amounts for the building & repair of its tissues & for these tissue's daily activities. Since all foods do not contain all of these nutrients, a balanced diet of "protective" foods, i.e. foods rich in the essential nutrients, is necessary.

3. Importance of Minerals: Minerals serve as constituents of tissues. Calcium & Phosphorus are responsible for the rigidity of the bones & teeth. The softer bones of children contain less minerals than the firmer bones of adults. The process of hardening called ossification demands Calcium & Phosphorus in generous quantities. An inadequate amount of these minerals may result in poor teeth & poorly formed bones. Poor teeth are a barrier to good health & attractiveness. Poorly formed bones detract from the attractiveness of an individual & limit his physical efficiency.

Minerals serve as regulators of body process. The part played by minerals in the beating of the heart & in the activity of the nerves has been mentioned. For coagulation of the blood the body needs calcium in the blood. Phosphorus takes part in the chain of events in muscle activity & in the transfer of energy. The digestive juices such as salivary, gastric & intestinal juices, depend upon minerals for their acidity or alkalinity. Minerals regulate the flow of liquids by means of which substances are absorbed, passed to and from body cells & excreted through kidneys or intestines.

4. Importance of Vitamins: The vitamins, as regulators of body processes, have a vital role to play in keeping children well & furthering their development. The vitamins now recognized as contributing to the health & growth of children are Vitamin A, D ,C, K, Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, B-6, Folic acid & B-12. Vitamin K aids in the formation of prothrombin, which is associated with the mechanism of blood clotting.

Source of Vitamin A: Milk, Butter, Liver, Fish Liver Oils and Egg Yolk.

Source of Vitamin D: Fish Liver Oil, Milk, Butter, and Yeast.

Source of Thiamine (Vitamin B1): Cereals, Grains, Beans, Nuts, Pork and Duck.

Source of Riboflavin(Vitamin B2):Dairy products, offal and leafy vegetable.

Source of Naiacin: Found in many food stuff including plant, meat

Source of Vitamin B6: Widely found in animal and plant food stuff.

Source of Folic Acid: Found in green vegetables, spinach and Broccoli.

Source of Vitamin B12:It is found in Meat, Fish, eggs and milk but not in plant. It's also found in papayas, cantaloupes, strawberries, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, tomatoes, asparagus and parsley.

Source of Vitamin C: Lemon, orange, amla, potatoes.

5. Functions of Proteins: Proteins make up a part of all body cells & participate in nearly all life processes; therefore, they are necessary for growth. Through digestion they are broken down into amino acids which are used by the body in building its tissues; bones, muscle, nerves, skin, blood etc. Eight of these amino acids cannot be manufactured in the body & so must be supplied in the diet. Deficiencies in particular amino acid may lead to specific types of injury e.g. when Argimine is deficient there is a decrease in the number of sperms & their motility.

6. Functions of carbohydrates & fats: carbohydrates & fats as the chief sources of energy, are necessary for growth, & they furnish energy for the growth process. Carbohydrates & fats also furnish the body with adipose tissue, which serves as a protection against the loss of heat, act as a cushion to the abdominal organs & is a potential source of body energy. Certain fats perform another important function

7. Role of Water: The human being lives in water, even though it is not an aquatic species. Water is a part of every tissue in the body, even of the proverbially dry bone. In children the percentage of water in tissues is higher than in adulthood. Matured bone contains nearly half its weight in water. About 75% of muscle & 80% of the grey matter of the brain are water. No cell can carry on its activities when it is absolutely dry & most cells must be constantly bathed with fluid in order to do their work.

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