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Degenerative Joint Disease (DJD) Treatment with Homeopathy

Osteoarthritis is one of the types of arthritis that is caused due to degeneration and eventually loss of the cartilage of joints. Cartilage is a tissue that covers the inside of the joints and acts as a cushion between the two bones forming a joint. When the cartilage starts undergoing degeneration, the bone becomes inflamed as its protective covering is lost. This causes pain during weight bearing activities such as standing, walking, etc.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common kind of arthritis. It is a joint disease caused by “wear and tear.” Healthy cartilage -- the firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints -- lets bones glide over one another, while cartilage absorbs energy from the movement. In OA, cartilage breaks down and wears away. As a result, the bones rub together causing pain, swelling, and stiffness.
OA may also limit the range of motion in affected joints. Most often, OA develops in the hands, knees, hips, and spine.
Both men and women get OA about equally. It is a common condition, especially as you get older. Symptoms tend to show up when people are in their 50s and 60s, although an injury to a joint or overuse, such as some athletes might have, can cause OA when you are younger. More than 20 million people in the United States have OA.

Causes

Osteoarthritis occurs commonly as a person ages and it is frequently seen in persons above the age of 55 years though it can also occur earlier than this. Before the age of 45 years, it is more common in males. Genetic predisposition also is one common cause for osteoarthritis. This condition usually affects the weight bearing joints such as the knees and hips; it can also affect other joints such as those of the hands, feet and the spine.

OA knees

When the osteoarthritis is due to ageing process it is known as primary osteoarthritis; when there are other conditions in the background that have triggered this disorder, it is known as Secondary osteoarthritis. Secondary osteoarthritis can be caused by any of the following:

  • Trauma
  • Joint surgery
  • Obesity
  • Congenital anomalies of the joint
  • Gout
  • Diabetes
  • Hormonal disorders (especially Growth hormone disorders)

Symptoms

The common symptoms of Osteoarthritis: Heberden's nodes

  • Pain and stiffness of the affected joint
  • Swelling and warmth of the joint
  • Creaking of the joint
  • Pain is usually worse after repetitive use of the joint
  • Stiffness is usually worse after a long period of inactivity
  • Pain may occur at rest too (in severe cases)
  • Limited mobility of joints
  • Inability to squat
  • Bony enlargement of small joints of fingers (called Heberden’s nodules) Spine osteoarthritis can cause:
  • Neck pain and stiffness
  • Backache
  • Tingling numbness of extremities

Homeopathic treatment

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease where the pathological changes in the joint are almost irreversible. Homeopathic medicine can alleviate the pain significantly but cannot cure the disease completely. Most cases respond well as far as the long-term pain relief is concerned. Homeopathic medicines are definitely suggested for osteoarthritis, especially for early cases where the medicines can slow down the degenerative process and offer considerable pain relief.

Homeopathy Treatment for Dandruff

Dandruff is a kind of skin disorder that affects the scalp. Dandruff is a condition in which white, dry flakes of dead skin are shed from the scalp. Normally dead skin cells are shed from the scalp, but it results in dandruff only when the scalp starts shedding thick layers of these dead skin particles.
Seborrhoea dermatitis or Seborrhoea is a disorder of the sebaceous glands which affects the scalp. Seborrhoea produces severe dandruff and a red, itchy scalp. Dandruff rarely causes hair loss or baldness. However, severe seborrheic dermatitis may cause patchy baldness.

Dandruff affects millions of people of all age groups — from teenage years to adulthood. It is more common and more likely in people who have oily skin, certain illnesses, or immune disorders. It also tends to affect individuals who have untidy hair, or don’t wash their hair regularly, or are stressed out.

It is suggested that there is often an underlying factor between dandruff and certain types of fungus found in hair follicles. This condition may cause the scalp cells to reproduce more quickly than when one has a healthy scalp. When these new cells create a surplus of dead skin cells, they fall as flakes. In addition, the condition may be triggered by seborrhoeic dermatitis, a severe, sticky form of dandruff, with extreme itching. When not suitably treated, dandruff may lead to hair loss, pimples, or acne, emotional and social distress.

Emotional problems cause excessive oiliness on the scalp, leading to seborrhoeic dermatitis, which, in turn, causes dandruff and also acne. Homeopathy believes that one should never lose sight of the emotional aspect while treating skin disorders.

Dandruff Causes

  • The main causes of dandruff are impairment of general health,
  • Development of a toxic condition mainly due to taking of wrong foods,
  • Constipation,
  • Low vitality due to infectious diseases.
  • Other factors contributing to this disorder are emotional tension,
  • Harsh shampoos,
  • Exposure to cold,
  • General exhaustion.

Dandruff Symptoms

  • When the hair is combed or brushed, or when the scalp is scratched, the scales from the scalp drop like snowflakes and settle on the eye brows, shoulders, and clothes. These scales occasionally appear as lumps or crusts on the scalp.
  • Itching is there and scalp may turn into red.
  • Often there is itching as well and the scalp may turn into red from scratching.

Homeopathic Treatment for Warts (Verrucas)

Common warts and verrucas (verrucae) are most frequent on the hands, arms and feet, but they may occur anywhere. Warts are due to the Human Papilloma Virus or HPV. They spread by direct or indirect contact, and you may also spread your own warts by scratching them. Some people are more naturally resistant to warts. Alcohol and smoking may also increase the likelihood of contracting warts.

There are different kinds of wart, flat or raised, smooth or rough. Plantar, or palmo-plantar warts are those occurring on the palms or soles. On the feet we tend to call them verrucas. Genital warts are different: do not try to treat them yourself.

Over 100 variations in the HPV virus exist. It is extremely tough. It can resist freezing, drying, and prolonged times outside the body. The incubation period ranges from 1-6 months, but can be up to 3 years or more, so you may never know who you ‘caught’ your warts from! Warts are more common in young people and in white people. They can occur at any age, but are commonest around age 12-16: just the time we are most self-conscious.

  • Common warts on the thumb, showing the characteristic rough appearance.
  • Warts do no harm, although some people feel embarrassed about them.
  • A bad case of plantar warts – also called verrucas (verrucae)or myrmecia. These can be painful on pressure; corn plasters may help protect them.
  • A crop of warts on the fingers and around the nails, a characteristic place for them to appear.
  • Close up picture of a verruca, showing small blood vessels within it.

Homeopathic Treatment for Warts and Verrucas

There are many remedies for different kinds of warts and verrucas, depending on where they are, and whether rough or smooth, bleeding, itching or whatever. These neeed to be selected by a qualified homeopath according to your (child's) individual state of health.
Wart remedies include Antimonium Crudum, Calcarea Carbonica, Causticum, Dulcamara, Lycopodium, Nitric Acid, Silica, and Sulphur – there are many more!

Homeopathic treatment works best when the remedy is closely matched to the individual symptoms, ideally considering the whole person. This is called constitutional treatment. Homeopathy views warts as an expression of an underlying imbalance: they naturally disappear when the body is balanced again. In the best homeopathic treatment, we would never recommend treating the warts or verrucas alone. This could suppress them and drive the problem deeper into the body.

Homeopathic treatment from a qualified practitioner may be used by a person with genital warts. Homeopathic remedies should never be purchased over-the-counter for self treatment of this problem. Do not neglect medical support.

Constipation Treatment with Homeopathy

Constipation is one of the most common gastrointestinal complaints. Almost everyone experiences constipation at some point in his life. Women are more frequently affected by it, and children more than adults.

What is constipation?

Constipation is usually defined as hard and dry stools with fewer than three bowel movements per week. Severe constipation is defined as less than one bowel movement per week.

Medical evaluation for the cause of constipation should be done when constipation is of sudden onset, severe, worsening, associated with other symptoms such as loss of weight.
What causes constipation?

A number of factors can cause constipation including:

  • Not enough fluids and fiber in your diet
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Changes in life-style, such as travel, pregnancy, aging
  • Specific illnesses or conditions
  • Problems with the colon and rectum
  • Some medications
  • Hormonal changes, such as pregnancy or underactive thyroid gland
  • Abuse of laxatives

Homeopathic treatment for constipation

Homeopathy is a holistic, nontoxic system of medicine that is individualized to your symptoms. Numerous homeopathic remedies exist for constipation. Homeopathic medicines are safe and effective. They are an excellent choice especially in childhood, pregnancy and elderly patients because they have no side effects.

The prescription depends upon symptoms and the underlying cause of the constipation. The goal of therapy is one bowel movement every two or three days without straining.

  • Nux vomica - constipation is due to lack of physical activity, junk food or overeating, alcohol. Constipation is often associated with hemorrhoids.
  • Alumina treats cases where the straining is a marked symptom and even soft stools require great straining to be evacuated. It is a common medicine for infants on formula.
  • Bryonia is of great help in treating dry hard and large stools, as if burnt. Constipation is due to severe dryness of mucous membranes.
  • Causticum - elderly patients with atherosclerosis (or after a stroke) with constipation and painful straining; common use in stubborn cases of constipation in children with stools that pass easier when standing.
  • Graphites - constipation with no urges in an overweight, chilly patient; constipation with hemorrhoids and fissures oozing honey-like discharge; constipation in patients with underactive thyroid gland.
  • Opium - no urges, paralysis of peristalsis; constipation with hard, black, dark stools; constipation after surgery.
  • Collinsonia - painful straining and large stools; common use in pregnancy; constipation and hemorrhoids.
  • Hydrastis - chronic constipation, stools enveloped in mucus; abuse of laxatives

Simple lifestyle changes, such as getting more exercise, drinking more fluids and eating a high-fiber diet, can help relieve symptoms of constipation and they can be used together with the homeopathic treatment.

Homeopathic Treatment for Ulcerative Colitis (UC)

ULCERATIVE COLITIS (UC) Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a condition which involves inflammation and ulceration of the lining of the large intestine, medically called as colon. (Colitis= inflammation of colon).

The digestive system is a system of organs responsible for digesting the food we eat so that nutrients in the food are available to body to provide required energy.

The digestive system consists of a long tube, which connects the mouth to the anus. Once food leaves the mouth, it enters the part of the GI tract called the esophagus and then the stomach. In the stomach food pauses for sometime and is mixed up with acid and juices present in the stomach.

It then passes into the small intestine, which measures about 20 feet in length. The small intestine has three parts; the part nearest the stomach is the duodenum, the next part is the jejunum and the third part that connects to the large intestine is the ileum. Small intestine is the site where most of the food is digested with the assistance of secretions from the liver, gall bladder, and pancreas. The nutrients from this digested food are then absorbed through small intestine.

Followed by the small intestine is the large intestine, which is more frequently referred to as the colon. The large intestine (colon) is 6-7 feet in length. The first part of the colon is called the caecum and the appendix is found there. The caecum and appendix are situated in right lower portion of the abdomen. Large intestine then extends upward (this portion being called as ascending colon), then takes a turn and passes across (portion called as transverse colon) and then goes down wards (descending colon). At the end of descending colon, portion of large intestine which look like alphabet S is called as sigmoid colon which opens into rectum. The main function of the colon is to absorb water from the processed food residue that arrives after the nutrients have been absorbed in the small intestine. The last part of the colon is the rectum, which is a reservoir for feces. Faeces are stored here until a bowel movement occurs.

The patients of ulcerative colitis have swelling along with ulcers located in their colon and rectum.

Broadly speaking ulcerative colitis is included under an umbrella term called as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). IBD is a term referring to the diseases that cause chronic inflammatory condition of digestive tract. Another condition included under this category is Crohn’s disease. Crohn's disease can cause inflammation similar to ulcerative colitis anywhere in the digestive tract from the mouth to the rectum, but more commonly it attacks the small intestine in contrast to ulcerative colitis, which attacks mainly the large intestine.

Types of Ulcerative Colitis:

The inflammation related to ulcerative colitis usually occurs in the rectum and lower part of the colon, but it may affect the entire colon. Ulcerative colitis rarely affects the small intestine except for the lower section, called the ileum. Depending upon which portion of intestine is most affected by UC, it is put under various types as follows.

Inflammation of
Entire colon =Pan-colitis (pan =entire, colitis=inflammation of colon)
Rectum= Proctitis
Sigmoid colon (S shaped portion of colon located just above the rectum) = Sigmoiditis
Beyond sigmoid colon= Left-sided colitis

How common is the condition:

Ulcerative colitis is a global condition affecting people world over. It is estimated that in Unites states alone there are about one million people who suffer from some form of IBD. About half of the people with IBD have ulcerative colitis; about half have Crohn's disease.
Ulcerative colitis affects people of all ages, but at large it is the disease of young adults. Most cases of UC are diagnosed in people between the ages 15 to 40 years. However, children as small as few months old and older people sometimes develop the disease.

The incidence of Ulcerative colitis has risen with the tide of civilization. Moreover this is a disease of young people having grievous impact on their education and career.

Ulcerative colitis does not show any gender preference and affect males and females equally. It appears to run in families. Studies also consistently conclude that ulcerative colitis occurs more often within the Jewish population.

Ulcerative Colitis Symptoms:

Ulcerative colitis affects each individual uniquely. Some suffer only mild symptoms, but others have severe and disabling symptoms with frequent flare-ups. Usually the symptoms tend to come and go, and there may be long periods without any symptoms at all. Usually, however, the symptoms reappear after an interval, which varies from days to months or even years. Although, all the sufferers of ulcerative colitis may not have all the symptoms of the disease, the common and consistent ones are as follows:

1. Diarrhea (Diarrhoea):
The most common symptom of UC is diarrhea. When severe, it may require frequent visits to a toilet (in some cases up to 20 or more times a day). The disorder typically begins gradually, with crampy abdominal pain and diarrhea that is usually bloody.

2. Blood in the stools:
UC is characterized by presence of blood in the stools. Blood is admixed with the stools and not in the form of blood clots. Passage of blood clots usually suggests some other diagnosis or condition. In addition to blood, stools may also contain mucus and pus.

3. Tenesmus:
Inflammation of the gut can affect the nerves in such a way as to make the patient feel that there is stool present ready to be evacuated when there actually is not. That results in the symptom known as tenesmus where there is a painful urge to defecate but nothing comes out.

4. Nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain or cramps:
Flare-ups of ulcerative colitis may be associated with nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps and diarrhea. Abdominal pain may not be a consistent feature of UC. When pain is present it may indicate the presence of severe inflammation or the development of a complication such as anabscess or a perforation of the intestinal wall.

5. Fever, fatigue, loss of appetite are usual accompaniments with consequent weight loss. The patient may become weak and very sick.

6. Constipation:
At times, some UC patients experience constipation during periods of active disease.

7. Loss of water and nutrients:
With increased diarrhea the person may lose invaluable water and nutrients from the body and may present with dry mouth, sunken eyes, a fast heartbeat, and pale skin.

flare-up is a stage when the rectum and/or colon become inflamed. During a flare-up, people experience periods of increased symptoms of ulcerative colitis, such as bloody diarrhea, rectal bleeding, abdominal pain or cramping, and an urgent need to go to the bathroom. Flare-ups can vary in duration and intensity.

Remission is the time between flare-ups of ulcerative colitis when people experience few, mild, or no symptoms of ulcerative colitis. Periods of remission vary in duration, anywhere from a matter of days to a number of years.

Extra-intestinal complications:
In some patients with Ulcerative colitis, disease may spread its wing to encompass other organs of the body like joints, skin, eyes, etc. Hence patients may experience a wide variety of extra-intestinal (outside digestive system) manifestations of the disease. However, it may be noted that not all who suffer from UC develop complications. No one knows for sure why problems occur outside the colon. Scientists think these complications may occur when the immune system triggers inflammation in other parts of the body. The common once are as follows:

1. Arthritis (joint swelling):
The most common amongst extra-intestinal complications is joint pain due to inflammation of the joints. Most suffer from either peripheral or spinal arthritis. Peripheral arthritis causes pain, swelling, and stiffness in one or more joints of the arms and legs, such as wrists, knees, and ankles. It may be migratory. If untreated, the pain lasts several days to weeks.

2. Skin complications:
People with ulcerative colitis may experience several types of skin lesions including skin rash. However the two common ones are pyoderma gangrenosum and erythema nodosum.

* Pyoderma gangrenosum are small ulcers that begin as painful, pus-filled sores that unite into a non-bacterial sore within days. These are usually found on the exterior surfaces of the legs or the face.

* Erythema nodosum commonly appears as painful red nodules on the front of the legs below the knees, or on the arms. Women are more commonly affected than men.

3. Eye complications:
About 10% of people with ulcerative colitis develop eye problems. These include various types of eye inflammations (iritis, conjunctivitis and episcleritis). Patient complains of sensitivity to light, blurred vision, pain, and redness of the eye. Symptoms may come on suddenly or slowly.

4. Liver diseases:
These include fatty liver, hepatitis, cirrhosis, and primary sclerosing cholangitis.

Symptoms of advanced liver disease include: Jaundice, itching, a full feeling in the upper abdomen, puffiness or swelling, excessive sleepiness, etc.

a. Fatty Liver is the result of a disturbance in liver metabolism that causes fat accumulation inside the liver.

b. Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis The most common liver complication of IBD is Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC). PSC is characterized by inflammation and scarring of the bile ducts. The bile ducts are the tubes which carry digestive juice called bile.

c. Cholangiocarcinoma: Very rarely some patients of ulcerative colitis may develop cancer of the ducts carrying bile, an important digestive juice.

d. Cirrhosis: Only 1-2% of patients develop cirrhosis of liver.

e. Chronic active hepatitis: Patients of ulcerative colitis may have concurrent hepatitis C infection.

Interestingly, homoeopathy has very effective medicines for management of various symptoms of ulcerative colitis as well as its complications.

During a flare-up, symptoms can vary depending on the location of ulcerative colitis and the severity of inflammation:

  • diarrhea mixed with blood and mucus
  • abdominal pain - from mild discomfort to painful cramping.

Patients may also have anemia, fatigue and weight loss. Ulcerative colitis often has extra-intestinal manifestations such as joint pain, mouth ulcers, skin, eye and liver symptoms.

How is ulcerative colitis diagnosed?

The diagnostic work-up for ulcerative colitis includes:

  • stool specimens
  • blood tests
  • an endoscopy with biopsies of the mucosa
  • a barium enema X-ray
  • video capsule endoscopy
  • CT or MRI enterography

How is ulcerative colitis treated?

Although the symptoms of ulcerative colitis can sometimes diminish on their own, the disease usually requires treatment to go into remission. Conventional treatment for ulcerative colitis includes corticosteroids and amino salicylates to reduce inflammation. In severe cases immunosuppressive drugs are also prescribed.

Homeopathic treatment for ulcerative colitis

Homeopathic treatment can relieve the bleeding and diarrhea and can shorten flare-up`s duration. It can also bring about a long-term remission and prevent new attacks.
Research suggests that ulcerative colitis may be an autoimmune disease and a virus or bacterium may trigger the disease. Homeopathic treatment reinforces the immune system and helps the body`s defense against infection. Homeopathy is compatible with conventional treatment and you can take homeopathic medicines when you are on other medications too. Homeopathic therapy is natural and has no side effects.

Stress is one of the triggers that can set off a flare-up. Homeopathic medicines are very effective in ulcerative colitis because they balance the immune system, treat the intestinal symptoms and also relieve stress.

Homeopathic Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

What is chronic kidney disease?

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a long-term condition where the kidneys do not work as well as normal in filtering waste products from the blood. The disease does not usually cause any symptoms in the early stages although people with all stages of CKD are known to have an increased risk of stroke or heart attack. One of the reasons why CKD can lead to an increased risk is that the kidneys play an important role in regulating blood pressure, so damage to the kidneys can lead to the worsening of pre-existing hypertension (high blood pressure).

Risk factors for CKD include:

  • hypertension, which in turn is associated with obesity, lack of exercise, smoking, eating high levels of salt, increasing age, having a family history of hypertension, stress and being of African-Caribbean or south Asian origin
  • diabetes, type 1 and type 2

In some people, CKD may cause a significant loss of kidney function (kidney failure, also known as renal failure) where the person may need to have artificial kidney treatment (renal replacement therapy, either through dialysis or a kidney transplant).

What are the symptoms of chronic kidney disease (CKD)?

Most people may not have any severe symptoms until their kidney disease is advanced. However, you may notice that you:

  • feel more tired and have less energy
  • have trouble concentrating
  • have a poor appetite
  • have trouble sleeping
  • have muscle cramping at night
  • have swollen feet and ankles
  • have puffiness around your eyes, especially in the morning
  • have dry, itchy skin
  • need to urinate more often, especially at night.

Anyone can get chronic kidney disease at any age. However, some people are more likely than others to develop kidney disease. You may have an increased risk for kidney disease if you:

  • have diabetes
  • have high blood pressure
  • have a family history of chronic kidney disease
  • are older

What happens in your test results for chronic kidney disease ( CKD)?

Your doctor will want to pinpoint your diagnosis and check your kidney function to help plan your treatment. The doctor may do the following:

  • Calculate your Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR), which is the best way to tell how much kidney function you have. You do not need to have another test to know your GFR. Your doctor can calculate it from your blood creatinine, your age, race, gender and other factors. Your GFR tells your doctor your stage of kidney disease and helps the doctor plan your treatment.
  • Perform an ultrasound or CT scan to get a picture of your kidneys and urinary tract. This tells your doctor whether your kidneys are too large or too small, whether you have a problem like a kidney stone or tumor and whether there are any problems in the structure of your kidneys and urinary tract.

Chloasma or Melasma Treaatment with homeopathy

What is Melasma/Chloasma?

A patchy brown or dark brown skin discoloration that usually occurs on face and may result from hormonal changes, as in pregnancy and during the administration of estrogen containing oral contraceptives.

It is generallly found on sun-exposed areas of the face. Melasma often fades over several months after stopping oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy(HRT) or after delivering a child. It may return with additional pregnancies or use of these medications. The patches gradually fade over many months. In some people, the discoloration never entirely disappears. However, this condition develops spontaneously in some women who are neither pregnant, taking oral contraceptives, nor HRT medications.

chloasma also called blemishes or Melasma or Pigmentation is a tan or dark facial skin discoloration. It is a dark mask like discoloration that covers the cheeks and bridge of the nose; it also called "the mask of pregnancy."

Although not a dangerous condition, melasma or chloasma or blemishes or Pigmentation can be distressing for the sufferer and seriously undermine self-confidence.

Although it can affect anyone, melasma or chloasma is particularly common in women, especially pregnant women and those who are taking oral contraceptives pills (ocps) or hormone replacement therapy medications and is particularly common in women between the ages of 20 and 40.

The areas most commonly affected are the cheeks, forehead, upper lip, and chin. Different types of melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation occur depending on the location of the excess melanin, in the epidermis or the dermis.

Melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation is thought to be caused by elevated levels of estrogen, progesterone, and melanocyte stimulating hormone (a hormone that causes melanin cells to make more melanin).

Pregnancy induced melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation may or may not resolves after delivery, but may return with subsequent pregnancies or with oral contraceptive pills. But there are cases which do not improve after delivery and become even more worse.

Melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation is a harmless disorder. It is not related to cancer and it does not involve internal organs.

Sometimes melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation is mistaken for freckles or age-spots, which are essentially the same thing, however, melasma or chloasma or pigmentation spots can be larger and much darker.

Causes of Chloasma or Melasma or Blemishes or Pigmentation

There are many factors that can cause melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation; whether it is a mild or severe form it is usually associated with one or a combination of the below:

  1. Pregnancy – the pigment may or may not fade after the delivery.
  2. Hormonal contraceptives, including oral contraceptive pills and injected progesterone.
  3. Sun exposure is also a very strong risk factor.
  4. Scented or deodorant soaps, toiletries and cosmetics – a phototoxic reaction.
  5. Poor immune system.
  6. Genetic factors.
  7. Medications.
  8. Nutritional deficiency.
  9. Ovarian or thyroid disorder.
  10. Stress.
  • Melasma is a very common skin disorder. Though it can affect anyone, young women with brownish skin tones are at greatest risk. Chloasma is especially common in women aged 20-40. It is more common in dark skins than in fair skins.
  • Melasma is often associated with the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. It is especially common in pregnant women, women who are taking oral contraceptives ("the pill"), and women taking hormone replacement therapy during menopause.
  • Sun exposure is also a strong risk factor for melasma. It is particularly common in tropical climates.
  • Melasma develops due to a combination of genetic, hormonal and sun related factors.
  • Melasma has been referred to as the mask of pregnancy because it often develops during pregnancy.  Because of melasma’s relation to pregnancy and oral contraceptives, it is thought that estrogen contributes to its development in predisposed persons.
  • Estrogen is not essential to the development of melasma, however, as men may also be affected.
  • A factor that does seem to be essential to the development of melasma is sunlight.
  • Both ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) are believed to contribute to the formation of melasma in predisposed persons.
  • It may develop in association with menopause, hormonal imbalance and ovarian disorders.
  • Melasma may also be triggered by a medication called Dilantin (phenytoin).
  • It is thought that female sex hormones causes melanocytes or the pigment-producing cells to produce and deposit excess pigments.
  • Chloasma usually affects women but occasionally is seen in young men who use after-shave lotions, scented soaps, and other toiletries.
  • Chloasma is more pronounced during the summer months as a result of sun exposure. It usually fades a few months after delivery. Repeated pregnancies, however, can intensify the pigmentation.
  • Chloasma also occurs as a side-effect of taking contraceptive pills and injected depot contraceptive preparations. It may also be noticed in apparently healthy, normal, non-pregnant women where it is presumed to be due to some mild and harmless hormonal imbalance.
  • Sun exposure, following the use of deodorant soaps, scented toiletries, and various cosmetics can also produce this mottled pigmentation. This is called a phototoxic reaction and is due to ultraviolet radiation being absorbed by the chemical substance on the skin.
  • Deficiency of Folic Acid during pregnancy can also lead to development of Melasma.

Melasma during pregnancy is relatively common. Sometimes it is called the "mask of pregnancy." The dark patches typically last until the pregnancy ends. Despite the strong connection to hormones, no one knows exactly what causes the skin discoloration.

Other factors that make it more likely that a person will get melasma include using medications that make you sensitive to the sun (photosensitizing). These can include some cosmetics and medicines used to treat ovarian or thyroid problems. If you are already susceptible to melasma, exposure to the sun increases your risk. For example, women who are pregnant or who take a hormone medication and avoid the sun are less likely to develop melasma than are those who spend a lot of time in the sun.

Symptoms of Melasma or Chloasma or Blemishes or Pigmentation

Melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation usually affects women; only one in twenty affected individuals are male. It generally starts between the age of 30 and 40. It is more common in people that tan well or have naturally dark skin compared with those who have fair skin.

Melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation affects the forehead, cheeks and upper lips resulting in macules (freckle like spots) and larger patches. Occasionally it spreads to involve the sides of the neck, and a similar condition may affect the shoulders and upper arms. Melasma or chloasma is sometimes separated into epidermal (skin surface), dermal (deeper), mixed and inapparent types.

  • Tan, dark brown patches
  • Irregular in shape
  • These patches usually develop on the upper cheek, upper lip and forehead.
  • The dark patches often appear on both sides of the face in a nearly identical pattern. The darker-colored patches of skin can be any shade, from tan to deep brown.
  • Rarely, these dark patches may appear on other sun-exposed areas of the body.
  • The dark patches often appear on both sides of the face in a nearly identical pattern.
  • The darker-colored patches of skin can be any shade, from tan to deep brown.
  • Rarely, these dark patches may appear on other sun-exposed areas of the body.

Melasma doesn't cause any other symptoms besides skin discoloration but may be of great cosmetic concern.

Types of Melasma or Chloasma

There are four types of melasma of chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation based on Wood's (ultraviolet) light examination which shows the depth of the pigmentation :

Epidermal: The most common type shows enhancement of the color contrast between normal and affected skin.
Dermal: Does not show enhancement of the color contrast between normal and affected skin.
Mixed Epidermal and Dermal: Shows enhancement of the color contrast between some of the affected skin but not others.
Inapparent: Seen in very dark-skinned people, affected lesions are not seen under Wood's light.

Homeopathic Treatment of Melasma or Chloasma

Homeopathic medicines have shown great results in cases of melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation. Homeopathy helps to get rid of the problem from its root.

Homeopathy believes that the use of creams and ointments in skin disorders leads to the suppression (temporary removal) of the main symptoms of the internal disease which is done in the conventional or allopathic treatment of melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation.

In allopathic treatment of melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation only creams are used to treat the condition and the internal problem is overlooked. The melasma spots may become lighter temporarily but they come back and can be even worse with these creams and lotions.

Homeopathy believes that skin disorders are to be treated from within. A well-prescribed homeopathic treatment not only takes care of hyper pigmentation but also treats as a whole and improves general health as well.

How homeopathy works on melasma or chloasma

Homoeopathy considers melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation as a local expression of a systemic / internal disturbance. Homeopathy believes that skin disorders are a reflection of an internal imbalance and needs to be treated from within. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution, genetic predisposition and so on.

While choosing homeopathic remedies the cause of melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation is evaluated, for example, mental stress, hormonal imbalances, sun exposure, nutritional deficiency, poor immune system and so on.

Homeopathic treatment, which gets to the root of the problem will reinforce the immune system and gradually restore the pigmented spots to the normal skin color. Homeopathic medicines restore the hormonal imbalance and control the excessive production of melanin. Homeopathy will not inhibit the natural process of the skin's melanin production. It will act on melanocytes to produce less melanin naturally thus strengthening the skin cells to stay healthy and remove excessive melanin in the skin. This improves the quality (texture) of skin, blemishes disappear and further discoloration of skin stops.

Homeopathy medicines cure melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation from the root cause and assuring the patient of not facing the similar problem in future.

Anyone can easily get rid of the ugly spots of melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation with miraculous homeopathic treatment.

There are many homoeopathy medicines which give great relief in melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation. However, the correct choice and the resulting relief is a matter of experience and right judgment on the part of the homeopathy doctor. The treatment is decided after thorough case taking of the patient. Thus homeopathic remedies of melasma or chloasma or blemishes or pigmentation are tailor made unlike allopathy in which all patients receive the same procedure or drugs although trade name may be different.

Gallstones or Cholelithiasis treatment with homeopatic

Gallstones are hard deposits of cholesterol, bile salts and bilirubin in your gall bladder.The medical term for gallstones is cholelithiasis. Cholelithiasis is the most common reason for gallbladder removal.

Gallstones are clumps of crystallized cholesterol or some pigments in the gallbladder. This condition is fairly common (affects 11% of general population) women are twice as likely as men to develop gallstones. (Medical dictum for Gallstones is: It's a disease of fat female of forty).

Gallbladder is a small sac situated just under the liver and it produces bile juice that is essential for proper digestion of fats. The bile juice mainly contains cholesterol, water, bile salts and a pigment called Bilirubin. When the proportion of these contents is altered in the bile juice, gallstones start forming.

There are two basic types of gallstones:

  • Cholesterol gallstones: Made up of cholesterol (accounting for about 80% of cases)
  • Pigment stones: Made up of the pigment Bilirubin

Factors contributing to development of gallstones:

  • Obesity
  • It's twice as common in females as compared to males
  • People over age of 60 years are at higher risk
  • Fasting, diabetes, rapid weight loss can also lead to formation of gallstones in some cases

Many patients having gallstones may not have any complaint. However, some may experience pain in the upper abdomen radiating to the back. The pain may last up to 2-6 hours.

What are the symptoms?

Most people who have gallstones do not have symptoms. Symptoms that may occur include:

  • pain in the right upper abdomen that may radiate to the back
  • pain between your shoulder blades

What are the risk factors for developing gall stones:

  • Family history of gallstones
  • Women are twice as likely as men to develop gallstones
  • Overweight
  • High cholesterol
  • High-fat diet
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Over age 60

What are the complications of gallstones?

Complications of gallstones may include:

  • Inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis)
  • Blockage of the common bile duct with jaundice
  • Blockage of the pancreatic duct and inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis)
  • Increased risk of gallbladder cancer

Diagnosis

The most common tests to detect gallstones are abdominal ultrasound and computerized tomography (CT).

Homeopathic treatment for gallstones:

Homeopathy successfully dissolves small and medium-sized gallstones and help you avoid the gallbladder removal. Surgery to remove the gallbladder and a portion of the cystic duct costs about $ 12,000. By contrast, homeopathic medicines for dissolving gallstones cost less than $200-250 a year if treatment for that length of time is required.

Homeopathy also provides fast pain relief in gallbladder attacks and can be used for prevention and treatment of biliary colic. The medicines are natural, effective and have no side effects. In patients with gallbladder removal homeopathy can alleviate the digestive disorders after surgery.

  • Calcarea carbonica - family history of gallstones and kidney stones; overweight; high cholesterol and 3-glycerides; chronic constipation. Sluggish and anxious.
  • Chelidonium - pain in the right upper abdomen that radiates to the back, pain under the right shoulder blade.
  • Lycopodium - family history of gallstones and kidney stones; other chronic digestive issues - gastritis, peptic ulcer, constipation, high cholesterol. Bloating after meals. Biliary colics occur mostly in the late afternoon. Irritable, hates contradiction but suppresses his anger.
  • Natrum sulphuricum - multiple health disorders- gallstones, chronic diarrhea, asthma, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), obesity, joint disorders, depression. Overly sensitive to weather changes and humidity.
  • Nux vomica - heartburn, nausea, bloating; biliary colic with constrictive, spasmodic pain ; overindulgence in rich food and drinks; sedentary lifestyle; irritable and impatient.

The homeopathic treatment dissolves gallstones, prevents recurrences as well as improves overall health.

Homeopathic Treatment of Cheloid or Keloid Scar

Any kind of skin injury including acne, cuts, or scrapes can at times leave a permanent scar on your skin. In some instances, that scar can grow excessively, becoming a large, lumpy growth, called a keloid, or a hypertrophic scar. Keloids are thick, fibrous scar tissues that have spread beyond the original site of injury during the body’s natural healing process. They develop in 5 to 15 percent of injuries and commonly develop and grow on the chest, back, arms and the upper part of the hand.

Keloids are an abnormal growth of scar tissue, as on the site of a surgical incision or an injury. It may have symptoms like irritation, pain, burning, itching etc. It may also be asymptomatic. It is benign and does not harm the person. But it looks ugly. So Keloids have got importance from cosmetic point of view.

Causes and Symptoms of Keloids

The exact cause of keloids is still unknown, but a common scientific belief that when damage tears skin, collagen forms quickly at the injured area as part of the healing process. Keloids occur when an improper amount of collagen growth occurs in a scar. If there is debris in the wound, the collagen fibers will be laid erratically.

Certain hereditary factors can also be held responsible for causing this disease. Formation of keloid scars generally takes place on sites of wounds or skin injuries caused by burns, surgical cuts, traumatic wounds, minor scratches, ear piercing and acne. Individuals with darker skin tone and higher amounts of melanin are more susceptible to formation of keloids.

Apart from the bumpy appearance, these irregular shaped lesions are characterized by symptoms like pain and itching but are not contagious. These lesions can also develop after surgeries or even after minor skin injuries like insect bites. Keloids are troublesome but not malignant (cancerous). This progressive disease can develop either suddenly after an injury or after a few months.

Treatment of Keloids

Conventional line of treatment consists of surgical removal of the keloid. It is not unusual for Keloids to reappear after they have been removed surgically and sometimes this Keloid is larger than previous one. Local injections of corticosteroids is also employed in the treatment of Keloids. But this also rarely help the patient. Size of the Keloids may be reduced by freezing (Cryotherapy), external pressure, laser treatments, radiation etc. with some success rate.

Keloids are very well treated with homeopathy. No surgical procedure is required. No injections are given. No creams or lotions are applied. Only oral medications are given without any diet restrictions. After starting the treatment, the Keloids starts to shrink slowly. One more advantage of homeopathic treatment is that it removes the tendency of having recurrent Keloids. Moreover all homeopathic medicines are safe, natural, easy to administer and without any adverse effects. If you have any specific question about your condition, please click here to ask.

Homeopathic Treatment of Chalazion

Chalazion is a lump in the eyelid that is caused by inflammation of a gland within the skin. Typically, this lump grows over days to weeks and is occasionally red, warm, or painful. The gland involved in the formation of a chalazion is a modified sweat gland that lies within the eyelid. This gland produces oil. When this gland becomes blocked, it can rupture and the inflammation process begins. Inflammation is a process in which the body reacts to a condition and produces a biologic reaction. This reaction can cause swelling, redness, pain, or warmth. A chalazion is not a sty. A sty can resemble a chalazion in the sense that it is also a lump in the eyelid. However, a sty involves glands and eyelash hair follicles that are closer to the skin surface of the eyelid. In addition, a sty is usually more painful and looks infected. A chalazion is caused by the oil in the gland becoming too thick to flow out of the gland. This oil that is too thick blocks up the gland, but the gland still produces more oil. Without anywhere to go, the oil builds up inside the gland and forms a lump in the eyelid. Eventually, the gland ruptures (breaks open) and releases the oil into the tissue of the eyelid, causing inflammation Swelling of the upper eyelid may occur gradually over weeks. The condition rarely involves the lower eyelid. A chalazion appears as a localized hard lump that may grow as large as an eighth of an inch. Occasionally, you may feel pain and your eyelid may be red. Ophthalmologist may recommend surgery to remove the chalazion. Warm compresses may be helpful. Hold a warm, wet towel on the eyelid for 10-15 minutes, 2-4 times a day, to reduce swelling. Lightly massage the area several times a day. Do not "pop" or scratch the chalazion.

Chalazion can be treated in homeopathy without any antibiotics. Homeopathy may help you to avoid surgery. If the state of Chalazion is acute we have acute remedies for the treatment of chalazion. If the chalazion has become chronic it should be treated with constitutional Homeopathic treatment. We can avoid pain of going through surgery with the help of homeopathy.

What ate Stys & Chalazae?

A sty (hordeolum) is an abscess of the oil gland near the base of an eyelash hair follicle. The abscess is usually caused by the bacteria ‘Staphylococcus Aureus’. As a sty develops the margins of the affected eyelid becomes red, tender and swollen. Stys usually develops an opening through which the pus drains out.

A Chalazion is caused by inflammation of the same oil gland and may sometimes appear at the site of a sty. The Chalazion however does not contain an active infection and overtime may become firm or hard. You may get more than one sty or chalazion at a time or several in succession.

Symtomps

A sty begins as a small, red bump (nodule) at the base of the eyelash. It progresses into a localized red, swollen and painful bump and may sometimes involve inflammation of the entire eyelid. A small, yellowish spot slowly appears in the center of a sty from which pus eventually drains out. Common symptoms are eyelid tenderness, sensitivity to light and increased tear production.

A chalazion initially appears red and swollen similar to a sty. Eventually it changes to a painless, round mass which grows gradually.

Cellulitis treatment with homeopathy

Introduction

Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the skin. Bacteria get into the skin through a cut, scrape, or other wound. Cellulitis can also affect the deeper layers of connective tissue beneath your skin and, in severe cases, spread to your lymph nodes.

Cellulitis most often affects the legs, but it may also affect the arms, face, and scalp. Most times, taking antibiotics cures cellulitis. However, some people can have serious complications. Without treatment, it can become life threatening.

Causes

Cellulitis occurs when the bacteria enter through a break in the skin. This break need not be visible to the naked eyes. Group A Streptococcus and Staphylococcus are the most common bacteria which can cause cellulitis. Predisposing factors for cellulitis include insect bites, animal bites, itchy (pruritic) skin rash, recent surgery, athlete's foot, dry skin, eczema, burns and boils, lymphedema swelling, diabetes, patients on immunosuppressive or corticosteroid medications, etc.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Pain and tenderness
  • Edema, swelling caused by fluid buildup
  • Redness of the skin
  • Skin that is warm to the touch
  • Fever
  • Chills

What Causes It?

Cellulitis is caused by bacteria, most often streptococcus or Staphylococcus aureus, that get into the body through a break in the skin: cuts, insect bites, burns, surgical incisions, IV catheters, dermatitis. Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureua (MRSA) infection is a more serious type of staph infection and is on the rise. Erysipelas, a type of cellulitis involving the lymph system, is often preceded by an upper respiratory infections. Infants, young children, and the elderly are most likely to get erysipelas, which is generally caused by streptococcal infection.

Who's Most At Risk?

You are at risk for developing cellulitis if you have the following:

  • Older age -- as your circulation grows weaker with age, it’s easier for cuts and scrapes to get infected
  • Diabetes
  • Chickenpox and shingles
  • Lymphedema, swelling of arms or legs, which may cause skin to crack
  • Fungal infections of the feet, which can also cause cracks in the skin
  • Dirty wounds
  • A weakened immune system
  • A general infection

Calcaneal spur treatment with homeopathy

Heel Spur or Calcaneal Spur is one of the most common causes of heel pain. Continued overstrain of plantar fascia results in stripping of periosteum from its origin at the calcaneus. The gap thus formed is filled by the proliferation of bone resulting in formation of a bony spur to secure the detached attachment.

Patients complaining pain in one of the heels or back of the foot, often returns from the doctor’s office with a diagnosis of Calcaneal spur.

The technical name for heel bone is Calcaneus, which is one of the foot bones. Spur means a bony projection. (Spur has different meanings.)

When there is a bony projection of the heel bone (Calcaneal spur), the patient will face difficultly with movements. This disease is more frequently observed in females.

Heel Spur Causes

Thus calcaneal spur is a late sequale of plantar fascitis. Heel spurs and plantar fasciitis can occur alone or be related to underlying diseases which cause arthritis (inflammation of the joints) such as Reiter's disease, ankylosing spondylitis, and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis.

Heel Spur Symptoms

The symptoms arise due to friction of spur with the bone and other soft tissues. There will be poky or stitching pain. The pain can be very severe for many. The pain could be severer. Most patients may present with pain while initial making steps, especially while getting up from bed in the morning. The friction leads to inflammation or swelling.

  • The calcaneal spur may not be always painful. When painful a sharp, stabbing pain under or on the inside of the heel.
  • The pain is typically relieved during rest, but is worse after getting up again.
  • As a rule of thumb, it is most painful first thing in the morning.
  • The pain is made worse by walking on a hard surface or carrying something heavy, such as a suitcase.
  • The pain can become so severe that it becomes difficult to continue your daily work.
  • It is a bony projection is a mechanical problem, which may require surgical removal if it is very large and if the symptoms do not reduce with medicines. Avoidance of wearing high heels is recommended in all cases.
  • Conventionally, the patients are treated with pain killers or periodical injection of cortisone in the affected region which will give only short relief.

Homeopathy has excellent medicines and ycan play a big role to keep you stay fit.

There are highly effective homeopathic medicines prescribed on the basis of exact case analysis. The selection of such a medicine could not be easy; may best be done by a experienced homeopath, after evaluating the symptoms. Homeopathy can offer excellent relief in pain in many cases. However, it cannot reverse the bony growth. The patient may have to take medicine periodically.

Homeopathy Traetment for Bruxism (Clenching)

Bruxism is the medical term for grinding, gnashing or clenching your teeth. The condition affects both children and adults.

Some people with bruxism unconsciously clench their teeth together during the day, often when they feel anxious or tense. This is different from tooth grinding or clenching that occurs at night, which is called sleep bruxism. Most children who are bruxers do so at night, while adults are either daytime or nighttime bruxers.

Bruxism refers to an excessive clenching together of the bottom and upper jaw accompanied by the grinding of the lower set of teeth with the upper set. Most people are unaware that they are grinding or gnashing their teeth because it frequently occurs at night (referred to as Sleep Bruxism). Usually it is only when someone points it out that people with Bruxism become aware that they are grinding their teeth.

Bruxism affects adults and children and, although not usually a serious medical problem, it can wreak havoc in the mouth - causing teeth to loosen and become painful. Parts of the teeth sometimes break having been ground away completely. This can lead to jaw joint disorders, pain, headaches, earaches, damaged teeth and abrasions in the mouth.

Diagnosing Bruxism

It is important if you experience Bruxism symptoms that you seek proper diagnosis and treatment. Bruxism symptoms include:

  • Teeth grinding and teeth clenching
  • Facial pain
  • Headaches
  • Oversensitive teeth
  • Tongue indentations
  • Damage to the tooth enamel causing the inside of the tooth to be exposed

What Causes Bruxism?

The exact causes of Bruxism are not exactly known, but a combination of factors may contribute to the problem. Factors that could trigger Bruxism symptoms include:

  • Anger, pain or frustration
  • Anxiety, stress or tension
  • Certain personality types (particularly, aggressive, competitive or hyperactive personalities)
  • Malocclusion (teeth that are not aligned properly)
  • Posture
  • Diet and sleeping habits

Help for Bruxism

There are a number of ways to treat Bruxism. The aim of treatment is to alleviate pain, prevent permanent damage to teeth and change teeth clenching behaviors as much as possible.

If you suspect that you may be suffering from Bruxism you should consult your dentist. The dentist would most likely recommend a mouth guard to prevent teeth grinding together.

Solutions for Bruxism include surgery but only recommended in extreme cases. Medications administered to treat this condition are usually muscle relaxants or mild sleeping aids.

Other solutions for Bruxism such as natural and alternative therapies have proven to be beneficial in reducing the Bruxism symptoms. These therapies include:

  • Biofeedback
  • Hypnosis
  • Stress management
  • Relaxation therapy and meditation

Homeopathic Treatment for Skin Boils

An abscess or a boil is something that nearly every one experiences at least once in their lifetime. Some unfortunate people experience it very regularly and surely understand the discomfort involved in having recurrent abscess and boils. It can be a very painful condition. It can range from very mild pain to very severe painful and complicated condition Skin abscess is a collection of pus under the skin and is usually localized. Pain in abscess is a common symptom and the surrounding areas can show symptoms of inflammation like heat and redness. Homeopathic treatment of abscess can be a great boon to person suffering from it. Homeopathic medicines are very effective in treating skin abscess and boils. Once the abscess gets treated with homeopathic medicines, the chances of it recurring again are very less. Moreover, homeopathic medicines are very safe and natural medicines thus produce no side effects.

What is Skin Abscess or Boils?

Skin abscess or boils are localized collection of pus under the skin. Abscess can develop in any part of the body but is more common under the skin. It can occur even in deeper parts of the body which can be very complicated at times, even life threatening.

What causes Skin Abscess and boils?

This pus collection is formed due to body’s response towards an infection under the skin or a presence of a foreign particle or a body under the skin. The most common agent for bacterial infection under the skin is the presence Staphylococcus Aureus. Abscess may occur after an inflammation of a hair follicle or an obstruction of sweat or oil glands. It is also common for people to develop an abscess after a surgical procedure.

Homeopathic Medicines for the treatment of skin Abscess and Boils

Homeopathy has a great repository of medicines for treating skin abscess and boils. In this feature I will be discussing few of the top homeopathic medicines that I have used in my clinical practice for treating abscess and boils . While discussing medicines for abscess I will not be confining myself to skin abscess and boils only; I will be discussing abscess in other parts of the body too. Silicea , Calcarea Sulph ,Hepar Sulph , Calcarea Pic , Ichthyolum ,Kali Hydroiodicum , Syphillinum and Vipera are the Homeopathic medicines that I will be discussing in this feature.

Homeopathic medicine Silicea tops the table in treating skin abscess and boils . It promotes the suppurative processes and hasten the recovery . It is very useful abscess of cornea after a traumatic injury. It is very useful in Hepatic abscess and abcess of the labia. It is also very useful for felons, old fistulous ulcers, and abscess of joints. Another great medicine for treating abscess is Calcarea Sulph. It has a great role to play in treating abscess around anus in cases of fistula. Hepar Sulph is used when there is abscess in glands and also when there is an abscess of labia with great sensitivity to touch. Itchthyolum is very effective in treating crops of boils . Kali Hydroiodicum is effective in treating tiny small boils . Syphyllinum is an excellent choice when there is a succession of abscesses one after the other. Vipera is great medicine for abscesses when there is bursting sensation and is relieved by raising the affected part.

Blepharitis and homeopathy

A common inflammation, blepharitis produces a red-rimmed appearance of the margins of the eyelids. It’s frequently chronic and bilateral and can affect both upper and lower lids. Seborrhic blepharitis is characterized by formation of waxy scales and symptoms of burning and foreign body sensation. Staphylococcus blepharitis is characterized by formation of dry scales along the inflamed lid margins, which also have ulcerated areas and may be associated with keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS, a dry-eye syndrome. Both types may coexist. Blepharitis tends to recur and become chronic. It can be controlled if treatment begins before onset of ocular involvement.

Blepharitis (blef-uh-RI-tis) is inflammation that affects the eyelids. Blepharitis is a common eye condition, causing the eyelids to be reddened, itchy, and somewhat swollen and scaly-appearing at the base of the eyelashes. As scales become coarser, the surface of the eye becomes irritated and forms crusts, which may cause the lids to stick together when waking up in the morning. If this crust falls into your eye, you may feel like you have "something in your eye" or experience a gritty sensation.

The eyes may become dry due to inflammation of moisture-producing tissues and this can cause a gritty sensation as well. It usually involves the part of the eyelid where the eyelashes grow. It occurs when tiny oil glands located near the base of the eyelashes malfunction. This leads to inflamed, irritated and itchy eyelids. Several diseases and conditions can cause blepharitis. It is often a chronic condition that is difficult to treat. Blepharitis can be uncomfortable and may be unattractive, but it usually doesn't cause permanent damage to eyesight.

Classification of Blepharitis:

There are two types of blepharitis:

  1. Anterior blepharitis, when the inflammation affects the outside front edge of your eyelids, where your eyelashes are attached.
  2. Posterior blepharitis, when the inflammation affects your Meibomian glands (which are on the inside front edge of your eyelids and produce a fatty liquid that protects your eyes).
  3. Sometimes, people will experience both types of blepharitis because the causes are often connected.

Anterior blepharitis- Many cases of anterior blepharitis are caused by a bacterial infection, usually a staphylococcal infection that is caused by the staphylococcus bacteria. Blepharitis that is caused by this type of bacteria is often known as staphylococcal blepharitis.

Anterior blepharitis can also occur as a complication of seborrhoeic dermatitis (a skin condition that causes your skin to become inflamed or flaky). As seborrhoeic dermatitis is known to cause oily skin, it is thought that the excess oil can irritate the eyelids, providing a breeding ground for bacteria.
Blepharitis that is caused by seborrhoeic dermatitis is often referred to as seborrhoeic blepharitis. It often occurs with posterior blepharitis as well.

Posterior blepharitis- Posterior blepharitis is caused when something affects the Meibomian glands that are found on the rim of your eyelids. These glands are responsible for producing an oily substance that makes up the top layer of your tears. This oily substance is needed to keep your tears in place and protect your eyes.
Blepharitis that is caused by problems with the Meibomian glands is often known as Meibomian blepharitis. Skin conditions, such as seborrhoeic dermatitis and rosacea (a skin condition that mainly affects the face), are known to affect how these glands work.

Seborrhoeic dermatitis- In the case of seborrhoeic dermatitis, the glands produce too much oil. As with anterior blepharitis, the excess oil is thought to provide a breeding ground for bacteria.

Rosacea- In the case of rosacea, not enough oil is produced. However, this is still a problem because your eyes are not being properly protected by your tears, so they also become vulnerable to infection.
About half of people with rosacea will experience associated eye symptoms, such as redness and irritation. Rosacea that affects the eyes is known as ocular rosacea, although this condition is unlikely to develop in people already taking oral antibiotics for rosacea.
Left untreated, ocular rosacea can lead to:
•iritis (uveitis), inflammation of the iris (the coloured part of your eye).
•keratitis, inflammation of the cornea (the transparent outer layer of your eye).

Signs and symptoms:

  1. Redness and swollen eyes or eyelids.
  2. Flaking of skin on the lids.
  3. Crusting at the lid margins, this is generally worse on waking.
  4. Cysts at the lid margin (hordeolum).
  5. Dry eye.
  6. Debris in the tear film, seen under magnification (improved contrast with use of fluorescein drops).
  7. Gritty sensation of the eye.
  8. Reduced vision.
  9. Blurry vision.
  10. Burning of the eye.
  11. Sensitivity to light.
  12. Eyelashes that grow abnormally (misdirected eyelashes).
  13. Loss of eyelashes.

Causes:

Blepharitis involves the eyelid margins, where the eyelashes grow and the openings of the tiny oil glands near the base of the lashes are located. There may be involvement of the outer edges of the eyelid margins adjacent to the skin or/and the inner edge of the eyelid that comes into contact with the eyeball. Changes in the skin of the eyelids or the surface of the eye itself are usually secondary to the underlying disorder of the lid margins.
The cause of most cases of blepharitis is a malfunction of the oil glands of the lids. There are about 40 of these glands in each of the upper and lower lids. When these oil glands produce too much, too little, or the wrong types of oils, the eyelid margins can become inflamed, irritated, and itchy. Acnerosacea, a generalized illness of oil glands, is sometimes the underlying cause of this process.

There are some types of blepharitis that are due to disorders of the lid margin around the lashes. These include seborrheic blepharitis, which is similar to dandruff of the scalp, and infection of the lash base by Staphylococcal bacteria.

Allergies can also cause blepharitis. These include sensitivities to substances coming into direct contact with the lid margins, including mascara and contact lens solutions. Various sprays, exposure to animals, environmental chemicals, or airborne allergens can also cause blepharitis.
Less commonly, inflammation of the lids can be caused by a primary infection of the eyelids by bacteria or infestation of the lashes by tiny mites or head lice.

Homeopathic treatment for blepharitis

Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat blepharitis but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat blepharitis that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person.

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